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Asoc. Clin. Sciences

Part 2 Boards: Ob, Gyn, Peds, Geri.

Screening test for a subset of developmental abnormalities in pregnant woman by using maternal blood or amniotic fluid. Alpha Fetoprotein; Increased in NTD and Decreased in Down Syndrome
Abnormal cessation of menses Amenorrhea
Breast milk is deficient in what Vitamin's and Minerals? Vitamin D and Iron
First breast milk Colostrum
The expansion or stretching of the cervix during the first stage of labor. Dilation of the Cervix
Painful menses Dysmenorrhea
Abnormal, painful or prolonged labor Dystocia
Thinning of the cervix Effacement
Decent of the fetal skull to the level of the ischial spines Engagement
Most common surgical procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis Laparoscopy
The baby drops into the pelvis 2 weeks before delivery and produces lower abdominal pain Lightening
Dark streak down the midline of the abdomen seen in pregnancy Linea Nigra
Vagina discharge after delivery and throughout the puerperium Lochia; 1st red, 2nd yellow, 3rd white
Pain in abdomen at ovulation Mittelschmerz
More than one delivery of a viable infant Multiparous
Never given birth Nulliparous
First pregnancy with a viable infant Primipar
Period of time after the delivery of the placenta to the complete involution of the organs; infection during this time is referred to as what? Puerperium; Puerperal Sepsis
First perception by the mother of fetal life Quickening
Identifies the fetal position in relation to the spines of the Ischium Station
Bluish discoloration of the vagina Chadwick's sign
Softening of the tip of the cervix Goodell's Sign
Softening of the isthmus of the uterus Hegar's Sign
Enlargement of the uterus near the uterine tube over the site of iimplantation Piskacek's Sign
Most common reason for post-partum hemorrhage Atonic Uterus
Early uterine contractions without cervical changes Braxton-Hick's contractions
Most common malignancy of the female genital tract Cervix
Brown hyperpigmentation of the face/mask of pregnancy Cholasma aka Melasma
Malignancy of the placenta due to abnormal epithelium Choriocarcinoma
Herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina Cystocele
Fertilized egg most commonly implants in one of the fallopian tubes. Light vaginal bleeding, lower ab pain, cramping on one side of the pelvis Ectopic Pregnancy
Abnormal endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Ab/back pain and can cause infertility Endometriosis
Most common type of post-partum infection Endometritis
Benign of trophoblastic tissue which develops at the placenta. If malignant becomes what? Seen with very high HCG. Hydatidiform Mole; Choriocarcinoma
Presence of numerous cysts along the outer edge of the ovary caused by hormonal imbalances Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
herniation of the rectum into the vagina; "collapsed pouch" along the posterior vaginal wall Rectocele
Hormone responsible for maturation of the follicle FSG
Hormone the promotes health of the corpus leuteum and used to detect pregnancy HCG
Hormone most responsible for ovulation LG
Hormone that causes uterine contractions and milk let down (ejection) following delivery Oxytocin
Hormone responsible for milk production Prolactin
The release of the mucous plug during the first stage of labor Bloody Show
First stage of labor Dilation and Bloody Show
Second stage of labor Expulsion and Delivery of baby
Third stage of labor Placental Delivery
Fourth stage of labor Stabilization
Low lying placenta with partial obstruction of the internal os Praevia
Normally placed placenta that detaches from site; spontaneous abortion/premature separation Abruptio
Placenta that doesn't separate after delivery Accreta
The umbilical cord is attached at the margin of the placenta. Battledore Placenta
Depressed Fontanelle indicates what? Dehydration
Bulging Fontanelle indicates what? Intracranial pressure and possible excessive crying
APGAR Score includes what? HR, Resp. rate, color, muscle tone, reflex activity
Fuzzy hair on baby skin Lanugo
First discharge from the intestine of newborn Meconium
Bluish, ill-defined areas of the skin in the buttock/scrotal region Mongolian Spots
Premature baby Infants born 26-37th weeks or weight less than 2500grams
White cheesy substance on the baby's skin at birth Vernix Caseosa
Food poisoning produced by honey, corn syrup and molasses in newborn. Botulism
Baby's head has an unusual shape due to swelling of the scalp and considered benign Caput Succedeum
hemolytic anemia in the fetus or neonate caused by trans-placental transmission of maternal antibodies to fetal RBC's. Rh0 (D) antigens. Erythroblastosis Fetalis
Protein malnutrion with ascites Kwashiorkor
Most common cancer in children and in Downs Syndrome Leukemia
General malnutrition Marasmus
Prickly heat Miliaria
3 day measles which lasts a short time with a maculopapular rash and mild fever. Danger to the fetus in the first trimester because it may result in birth defects. Rubella AKA German Measles
Coryza, Koplik spots, maculopapular rash and high fever Rubeola
Most common serious complication of Rubeola Bronchopneumonia
Childhood disease characterized by a resonant barking cough; laryngeal spasm may have a membrane Croup
Gray pseudomembrane on the throat and uses the Schick test to diagnose. Diphtheria
Results in desquamation of the superficial layer also associated with strawberry tongue, ASO titer Scarlet Fever
Rash starts on the trunk and goes to the extremities. Rash comes out when the fever breaks. Roseola Infantum (<2 years of age)
Dr rotates head of a supine baby and the ipsi arm and leg extend while contra arm and leg flex. Tonic Neck Reflex
Arms and legs flare out to the side in response to loud sound and are then brought back into the body Moro AKA Startle Reflex
Infant should attempt to raise head and arch back when put in prone Landau Reflex
While running a finger down the spine the whole body will extend. Perez reflex
While running a finger down the ipsi paraspinal muscles the baby will contract to that side Gallant Reflex
Grayish opaque ring around the cornea Arcus Senilis
Loss of elasticity of lens and cannot focus on close objects Presbyopia
Inability to hear high frequencys Presbycussis
Bed sore that requires protein most often at Sacrum Decubitus Ulcer
Discriminatory treatment of elderly Ageism
Test for glaucoma Tonometer
Malformation of the penis in which the urethra ends in an opening on the dorsum of the penis Epispadia
Birth defect in which the urethra opens anywhere along the ventral aspect of the penis Hypospadia
The foreskin becomes entrapped behind the gland penis from improper circumcision Paraphimosis
Potentially painful medical condition in which the erect penis does not return to its flaccid state Priapism
Abnormal passage between two organs or an organ and the exterior of the body Fistuala
Created by: 1277880004