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Asoc. Clin. Sciences

Part 2 Boards: Toxicology

QuestionAnswer
An antipyretic analgesic that causes liver damage and an example? Acetainophen, Tylenol
An absorbent; treats poisonings and overdoses following oral ingestion; binds poison and prevents aborption by the GI tract Activated Charcoal
Antiviral for herpes Acyclovir
Naturally occurring mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus; found in peanuts, cooking oils, cosmetics and can cause hepatic necrosis Aflatoxins
Decreases xanthine oxidase activity and used to treat chronic gout Allopurinol
Decreases kidney function, causes lung problems, muscle weakness, anemia and CNS problems Aluminum Toxicity
A stimulant used to treat narcolepsy and ADHD Amphetamine
Odor of garlic Arsenic
Sleeping pills that can produce respiratory depression Barbiturates
Used to treat anxiety, side effect is tremors and is a muscle relaxant. Barbiturates
Given for hypertension and arrhythmias; blocks epinephrine and norepinephrine Beta Blockers
Used to treat asthma; causes smooth muscle relaxation resulting in dilation of bronchial passages, vasodilation in muscle and liver, relaxation of uterine muscles. Beta 2 Adrenergic Drugs
Cellular effects of carboxy hemoglobin; associated with blue mucous membranes and cherry red lips. Carbon Monoxide
It was formerly widely used in fire extinguishers, as a precursor to refrigerants, and as a cleaning agent. It is a colorless liquid with a "sweet" smell that can be detected at low levels. Carbon Tetrachloride
Used in the short-term treatment for insomnia Chlora Hydrate
Clear volatile liquid with a strong smell like ether. It was once administered by inhalation to produce anesthesia and given as an analgesic and a remedy for cough. It is quite toxic to the kidney and the liver Chloroform
Drug to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders (anticholinergic/antipsychotic) Chlorpromazine
An organophosphate that increases the effectiveness of acetylcholine. Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Found in plants, apple seeds, mango seeds, peach pits, bitter almonds; affects CNS and heart. Cyanide
Used to treat acute symptomatic gout Colchicine
Anticoagulant medication Dicumerol
Used to increase cardiac contractility (antiarrhythmic agent); overdose can cause a heart block Digitalis
Best substance to remove lead from blood chelation therapy EDTA
A substance that makes you vomit; if the toxic substance is taken by mouth normally then use an emetic to get rid of it (don't use with gasoline) Emetic
Used to treat anaphylactic shock Epinephrine
Used for arthritis (RA and OA) Feldene
Removal of stomach contents via a pump followed by a saline rinse in order to eliminate poisons from the stomach Gastric Lavage
Used to treat psychotic disorders and used to control motor tics and verbal tics in adults and children who have Tourette's Haldol (Haloperidol)
Blue gums, basophilic stippling of the RBC's, seen in battery factory workers, affects the CNS and causes insomnia, delirium, tremors, cognitive deficits, convulsions and IDA. Lead Poisoning
Drug used to treat bipolarity and produces tremors Lithium
Strong alkaloid, highest volume found in industrial chemicals, found in some soaps, cleaners and degreasers. Can causechemical burns, scarring and blindness. Lye
Peripheral neuropathies, brain damage, kidney and liver problems. Mercury Toxicity
Wood alcohol; CND depressant; used in plastics, plywood, pains, explosives; highly toxic and causes blindness Methanol
Used to treat episodes of angina in people who have CAD. Nitroglycerine
Calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension or angina Norvasc
Analgesic used to treat mild pain but does not treat inflammation Phenaphen
Used to treat depression, OCD, some eating disorders and panic attacks. Prozac
Antipsychotic and antihypertensive drug that has been used for the control of high BP and for the relief of psychotic symptoms. Rarely used today. Reserpine
Aspirin. Causes bleeding; inhibits prostaglandins, and associated with deafness and Reye's syndrome. Salicylates
Brand name for a drug with an active ingredient called secobarbital. It is a barbiturate that is classified as a sedative-hypnotic. Used to treat insomnia and may also be prescribed to reduce anxiety or to help calm patients before surgery. Seconal
Treats Depression Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
Pesticide that causes muscular convulsions Strychnine
Induces Vomitting Syrup of Ipecac
Predisposes elderly to falls Tranquilizers
Anti-depressant Tricyclic
Causes HTN in those taking MAO inhibitors (antidepressants) and is found in wine and cheese. Tyramine
An anticoagulant; Vitamin K antagonist; Increase clotting time Warfarin/Coumadin
Chronic respiratory disease caused by the inhalation of various mineral or metallic particles Pneumoconiosis
Caused by inhalation of asbestos dusts and leads to what? Asbestosis; Meothelioma
Caused by iron dust Siderosis
Caused by coal dust Anthracosis
Caused by cotton dust and in textile workers Byssinosis
Caused by glass, Sand/Stone dust (Pottery) Silicosis
Created by: 1277880004