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Activity 2B

The Four Rivers Civilizations

Neolithic Revolution Occurred about 10,000 years ago. People changed from hunters and gatherers to producers of food.
Civilization A form of human culture in which some people live in cities, they have complex social institutions, they use some form of writing, and they are skilled at using science and technology.
Mesopotamia The world's earliest river valley civilization. It is located between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers in present-day Iraq.
polytheistic Believing in many different gods.
ziggurats Stepped-pyramid temples built by the people of Mesopotamia.
Sumerians People of Sumer who made some of the most important inventions in the ancient world such as the wheel, bronze weapons, a 12 month calendar and the earliest known writing system.
cuneiform The world's earliest writing system that. A form of writing on clay tablets with a stylus.
Code of Hammurabi The earliest known written law code that originated in another city-state from Mesopotamia, Babylonia.
Egyptian Civilization An ancient civilization in Northeast Africa. The Nile River runs through it.
Pharaohs The most powerful person in ancient Egypt, He was the head of state and the representative of the gods on Earth.
Indus River Civilization An ancient civilization along the Indus River in present-day Pakistan.
Huang He Civilization China's first civilization that surrounded the Huang He (Yellow River).
Dynasty A ruling family.
Mandate of Heaven In Ancient China, those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source (gods).
Oracle Bones Chinese writing. Recorded events at the royal court of the Shang Dynasty on ox shoulder-blades and turtle shells. Later "read" by fortune tellers to predict the future.
papyrus A plant used to make a form of paper in Ancient Egypt.
pyramid A large triangular tomb built for the pharaohs in Egypt .
Hatshepsut One of the first women in Ancient Egypt to rule as a pharaoh.
Created by: betsywellman



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