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01942B US History

TermDefinition
Hoovervilles A term from the early 1930's, A town that was built by unemployed and homeless people in the Great Depression
Lend-Lease Act Proposed in the 1940's and approved in March of 1941, during World War 2 this had the US Military help and provide for foreign countries.
Internment Camps A prison camp mainly for enemy aliens, war prisoners, and political prisoners. They were main to hold and keep them there.
Marshall Plan A US program to help out with financial aid. This would help mostly Europe after World War 2. Everyone would get aid back and pay what they had to pay. The money would keep circling.
Highway Act of 1956 AKA National Interstate and Defense Highways Act, First plan to make a highway. Kept cost in mind.
Vietnamization A plan to end the US involvement with the war which would help Vietnam because it would expand their forces.
Containment To keep a harmful thing under control and limit it.
Domino Theory The thought that if one state led into communism another state would and so on and so on.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution A document that when signed would expand the Vietnam War.
Mccarthyism A campaign started by Joseph MaCarthy against communists. Most of the people this campaign was against were not communists but they still lost their jobs and/or were put on the blacklist.
Red Scare The fear of the rise of Communism and radical leftism.
Freedom Rides Northern Idealists who were active in fixing the civil rights movement. Both blacks and whites rode buses into the South to make a point about race.
Sit-in When protesters stay in one place refusing to leave until their problem is fixed.
Buss Boycotts A 13 month protest sparked by Rosa Parks getting arrested. This ended up in the Supreme Court calling racism and segregation on buses as "unconstitutional".
Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka The Supreme Court declared having different schools for blacks and whites and unconstitutional.
SNCC An organization that defended political and economical equality for blacks.
SCLC An African American civil rights organization. Close with Martin Luther King Jr.
Nation of Islam Religious movement to improve the conditions of African Americans in the US. Especially spiritually, economically, and socially.
Black Panther Someone who is a member of a militant political organization who fights for black rights.
New Frontier Used by John F Kennedy meaning Americans have to rise to new challenges like equality.
The Great Society A domestic program that sponsored social welfare programs.
The Manhattan Project The code name for a secret project that created the first atomic bomb.
Bay of Pigs Invasion An invasion at the Bay of Pigs from Cubans to overthrow Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista.
The Cuban Missile Crisis. A confrontation between the Soviet Union and the US because of a Cuban Missile Site
The Berlin Airlift A plan to bring food and other goods into west Berlin.
Watergate Scandal A political scandal resulting from a break in at the Democratic National Committee
Roe v. Wade A court trial about legalizing abortion in the first trimester of pregnancies.
Reaganomics The policies of Ronald Reagan.
Vietnam Part of Imperial China
Plessy v. Ferguson A supreme court decision outlawing segregation in public places.
Korematsu v. US A Supreme Court case which forced Japanese into internment camps.
Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education A law saying that separate schools for blacks and whites in unconstitutional
Truman Doctrine A Doctrine that says the US should support countries being threatened by Soviet Forces.
Great Depression A long and major downfall in the economy.
The New Deal Government policies designed to help people suffering from the Great Depression.
Gandhi The Preeminent leader of The India Independence Movement.
Martin Luther King Jr. Leader of the African American Civil Rights Movement and helped put an end to racism.
The 18th Ammendment The prohibition of alcohol.
Fidel Castro A political figure in Cuban history and a Prime Minister
Cesar Cahvez A farm worker and a civil rights activist.
The Great Society A domestic program that suggested federally sponsored social welfare programs.
The US Roadway Act. The law to make highways well but within a budget.
Korean War A conflict between Communists and non Communists. This ended up with Korea being divided.
Zero Tollerance Refusing to accept anti social behavior especially with the law.
Rosa Parks African American civil rights activist.
Selma A city in Alabama
Civilian Conversation Corps A relief program that offered help to unemployed people and families.
National Recovery act A law that allowed the president to regulate the industries.
Tennessee Valley Authority A federal owed organization that helps with flood control, navigation, electricity and more.
Pearl Harbor Most well known for the Japanese attack on pear harbor.
Truman and the Atomic Bomb President Truman had to make the decision if he wanted to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Hitler A politician and head of the Nazi Party.
Cold War Had to do with the intense relationship between the Soviet Union and the US. Was a war towards the end of WW2
Woman and WW2 Women did things men did not have time for or couldnt do as well such as nursing and sewing.
Beats A kind of literature. Allen Ginsberg's Howl, William S. Burroughs's Naked Lunch and Jack Kerouac.
Woodstock A three day music festival for peace.
Ronald Reagan Actor, Politician, Governor, And President.
Guerrilla warfare Sudden unexpected attacks because changes in the government are trying to happen.
Sandra Day O' Connor A retired Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, First women in the Supreme Court.
Baby Boom A noticeable increase in the baby population.
Economic Growth in the US in the 1950's The US experienced major economic growth, manufacturing and home construction got much better, then a post-World War II economic boom.
Joseph McCarthy An American Politician and Republican US Senator
Nixon and the peoples Republic of China Nixon meeting and greeting the Peoples Republic of China helped regulate normality between the US and China.
Haight Ashbury A place in San Francisco named after the Haight and Ashbury streets.
Created by: macierowe
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