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Chp 11 Vocab. S.S.

TermDefinition
Nationalism A devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation.
Militarism The policy of building up armed forces in aggressive preparedness for war and their use as a tool of diplomacy.
Allies In World War 1, the group of nations -originally consisting of Great Britain, France, and Russia and later joined by the United States, Italy, and others- that opposed the Central Powers.
Central Powers The group of nations- led by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire- that opposed the Allies in World War 1.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austrian throne in 1914. Was assassinated in his own car in Serbia.
No Man's Land An unoccupied region between opposing armies.
Trench Warfare Military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditched rather than on an open battlefield.
Lusitania A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat in 1915.
Zimmermann Note A message sent in 1917 by the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising to help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona if the United States entered World War 1.
Eddie Rickenbacker A famous fighter pilot of World War 1, was well known as a racecar driver before the war. Joined the U.S. Army Air Service. Repeatedly fought the dreaded Flying Circus. Won fame as the Allied pilot with the most victories.
Selective Service Act A law, enacted in 1917, that required men to register for military service.
Convoy System The protection of merchant ships from U-boat -German submarine- attacks by having the ships travel in large groups escorted by warships.
American Expeditionary Force The U.S. forces, led by General John Pershing, who fought with the Allies in Europe during World War 1.
General John J. Pershing Led the American Expeditionary Force.
Alvin York One of America's greatest war heroes. Became famous in during the fighting in Meuse-Argonne area. Sought exemption as a conscientious objector, pointing out that the Bible says, "Thou shalt not kill."
Conscientious Objector A person who refuses, on moral grounds, to participate in warfare.
Armistice A truce, or agreement to end an armed conflict.
War Industries Board An agency established during World War 1 to increase efficiency and discourage and waste in war-related industries.
Bernard M. Baruch A prosperous businessman that led the War Industries Board.
Propaganda A kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions.
George Creel A former muckraking journalist. Became head of the CPI (Committee on Public Information).
Espionage and Sedition Acts Two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War 1.
Great Migration The large-scale movement of African Americans from the South to Northern cities in the early 20th century.
Fourteen Points The principles making up President Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace following World War 1.
League of Nations An association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace.
Georges Clemenceau A French premier that lived through two German invasions of France and was determined to prevent future invasions.
David Lloyd George The British prime minister that had just won reelection with the slogan "Make Germany Pay".
Treaty of Versailles The 1919 peace treaty at the end of World War 1 which established new nations, borders, and war reparations.
Reparations The compensation paid by a defeated nation for the damage or injury it inflicted during a war.
War-Guilt Clause A provision in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledged that it alone was responsible for World War 1.
Henry Cabot Lodge Headed the conservative senators. He and his group were suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military action against aggression, even though it was voluntary.
Created by: Haley.Brinkman
 

 



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