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Term 3 Exam

Study Guide

What term describes a population growth creating large urban areas? urbanization
Which invention came first, telephone or telegraph? telegraph
Who invented the telegraph? F.B. Morse
What invention helped industrial ports and trading centers up and down the Mississippi River, making moving goods and crops quicker to transport, trade, and sell? Steamboat
What foreign policy established the United States as a major power in the Western Hemisphere? (Hint: Monroe was President in 1820) Monroe Doctrine
What affect did the cotton gin have on the slave population? It increased as cotton demand went up
Who performed the majority of hard labor on plantations in the South? Slaves
Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Tubman were important figures in the abolitionist movement, what else did they have in common? all former slaves
What reform movement would the "Liberator" have been associated with? abolitionist movement
Who started the newspaper, The Liberator? William Lloyd Garrison
Who was the author of the book, Uncle Tom's Cabin? Harriet Beecher Stowe
Dorothea Dix is associated with what reform movement? Prison reform
What environmental disaster will contribute to an immigration explosion to the United States between 1841 to 1850? Irish potato famine
What invention will lead to a demand in cotton, slave labor, and an increase in textile factories and manufacturing? cotton gin
What reform movement would have called for the restriction and regulation of alcohol consumption and sales? Temperance movement
Religious freedom is guaranteed under the Constitution. Many churches and utopian societies emerged during the early half of the 19th century. What is this time in history referred as? Second Great Awakening
What caused the population to increase rapidly during the early 1800's in Lowell, MA? Industrial factories/ jobs
Horace Mann believed our country would be stronger if its citizens were educated. His influence increased the growth of what institutions of learning? public schools
Alexander Graham Bell was the inventor of what device? telephone
This "man-made river" was completed in 1825 and connected the Great Lakes region with the Atlantic coast. What is it? Erie Canal
The federal government will force the Cherokee Indians off their lands in a march called the Trail of Tears, what was the law called that made this possible? Indian Removal Act
What law allowed owners of slaves to pursue escaped slaves into territories and states where slavery was illegal? Fugitive Slave Law
In 1849 gold is discovered in California and a population explosion will follow, what is this time called? California Gold Rush
What is the belief called that expresses the idea that the United States was divinely ordained to expand from "sea to shining sea?" Manifest Destiny
Who is credited with coining the phrase, "Manifest Destiny?" John O'Sullivan
Created by: davidadams