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The North

North vocab

QuestionAnswer
Industrial Revolution a period of rapid growth in using machines for manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s
Where the Industrial Revolution began Great Britain
Textiles Cloth items
Invented water frame Richard Arkwright
Immigrated to the USA disguised as a farmer after memorizing the designs of the textile mills, opening the first American textile mill Samuel Slater
Interchangeable Parts parts of a machine or product that was identical
Invented interchangeable parts Eli Whitney
Mass production the efficient production of large numbers of identical goods
Rhode Island System a strategy of hiring whole families and dividing factory work into simple tasks
Invented the Lowell system Francis Cabot Lowell
The Lowell system system based on water- powered textile mills that employed young, unmarried women from local farms
Term for girls who worked at Lowell mills Lowell girs
Trade unions groups that try to improve pay and working conditions
Strikes refusing to work until owners/ employers met their demands.
Sarah G. Bagley Wanted a federal law limiting the work day to 10 hours
Transportation Revolution a period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel because of new methods of transportation
Invented the steamship (or steamboat) Robert Fulton
Name of the first steamship Clermont
First steam powered locomotive Tom Thumb
Inventor the the Tom Thumb Peter Cooper
Court case that confirmed that federal laws and economic policies are more powerful than those of states Gibbons v. Ogden
Effects of the Transportation Revolution 1. Goods and people could be transported quicker and cheaper 2. Increased demand for coal, steel, and wood—creating huge industries with many jobs 3.Expanded the borders of the USA and guided population and city growth
A device that could send information over wires across great distances Telegraph
Invented the telegraph Samuel F. B. Morse
System used to communicate on the telegraph where dots and dashes represented letters Morse Code
Created by: argrant1215