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MCAT CARS Ch. 7

QuestionAnswer
Humanities Passages Include Topics From: Arch., art, dance, ethics, lit., music, phil. pop cult., religion, studies of diverse cultures, and theat.
Arts Passages Tend To Include: Strong opinions, quotations, and descriptive language to illustrate examples
Philosophical Passages Tend To Be: Abstract and heavy on logic, while focusing heavily on concepts and relations between them. They often appeal to the reader's memory or imagination.
Social Sciences Passages Include Topics From: Anthropology, archae., economics, education, geo., history, etc
Scientific Passages Tend To Include: Empirical studies and more subtle opinions
Historical Passages Tend To Draw On: Historical events and quotations from sources alive at the time. They may include empirical studies or theoretical evidence which can make them similar to the other passage varieties.
Unsupported Claims Assertions that lack evidence.
Empirical Evidence Includes surveys, statistical analyses, and controlled experiments.
Logical Appeals Include formation of the contrapositive, analogous reasoning, and elimination of alternative possibilities.
Appeals To Authority Include references to outside sources, paraphrases, and direct quotations.
Primary Sources Give the greatest level of support and are first-hand accounts directly from the time period or situation being discussed
Secondary Sources Provide less support and include commentaries on or explanations for primary sources (or other secondary sources)
Appeals To The Reader Include rhetorical questions, emotional appeals using charged language or colorful description to evoke an emotional response from the audience and appeals to the memory or imagination
Faulty Support Includes attacking a person's character, making generalizations, stereotyping, and refuting straw-man positions.
Created by: SamB91
 

 



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