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MCAT CARS Ch. 6

QuestionAnswer
Conditional Unidirectional relationship that exists between two terms
Conditionals Can Be: Represented with language (If X, then Y) or symbols X --> Y
Antecedent (X) Can Be Called: A sufficient condition. It is the evidence in cases of justification. It is also the cause in cases of causation.
Consequent (Y) Can Be Called: A necessary condition. It is also the conclusion in terms of justification. It is also the effect in cases of causation.
Conditional Claim True if it is impossible to have a true antecedent and a false consequent simultaneously.
Truth Table Shows the operations of formal logic
Sufficiency Refers to the impossibility of having an antecedent without its consequent.
Necessity Refers to the idea that if the consequent is not true, then the antecedent is also not true
One Application Of Conditionals Is The: Whole-parts relationship
Justification The relationship of logical support between a piece of evidence and its conclusion.
Correlation Relationship of two events accompanying one another.
Causation One-way relationship of the antecedent leading to the consequent (cause and effect)
Known Entity One with characteristics that have already been established.
Unknown Entity The one that is only partially understood.
Evidence In An Analogical Argument Leads To A: Single conclusion in which one piece of evidence is known and unknown entities share similar corresponding characteristics. The other evidence is that the known entity possess some characteristic of interest.
An Analogy can Be Strengthened By: Greater similarity between the known and the unknown.
Created by: SamB91
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