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Population Key Issue

Demography The study of demographics(social scientists often group populations into categories based on demographic variables. examples: * Age * Sex / Gender * Race/ Ethnicity * Education etc.) TIER 3
Overpopulation The lack of necessary resources to meet the needs of a population of a defined area. TIER 3
Ecumene Habitable land an area where humans can live TIER 3
Arithmetic Density Divides the entire population of a country by the total land area to come up with a population density for the country as whole. TIER 3
Physiological Density A more accurate way to measure a country's population density it only takes into account the land that is being used by humans. TIER 3
Agricultural Density The ratio if the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture. TIER 3
Crude Birth Rate The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society. TIER 3
Crude Death Rate The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in a society. TIER 3
Natural Increase Rate The percentage growth of a population in a year, calculated as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate. TIER 3
Doubling Time The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase. TIER 3
Total Fertility Rate The average number of children a woman will have throughout the years. TIER 3
Infant Mortality The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society. TIER 3
Life Expectancy Measure of how long a person may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age. TIER 3
Demographic Transition Model (DTM) Which is a series of stages that a country goes through when transitioning from non-industrial to industrial. TIER 2
Agricultural Revolution The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering. TIER 2
Industrial Revolution A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods. TIER 2
Medical Revolution Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives. TIER 2
Zero Population Growth A decline in the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero. TIER 2
Population Pyramid A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex. TIER 2
Primary Economic Activity Involves sourcing or extracting natural resources from the land or bodies of water. TIER 2
Infrastructure The basic services and facilities needed for an area's economy to function. TIER 2
Subsistence Farming Farming that brings little or no profit to the farmer. TIER 2
Mechanization To do or operate by machinery, not by hand. TIER 2
Replacement Babies The first child you have to replace you after you die. TIER 2
Famine Extreme hunger; starvation. TIER 2
Epidemiology A branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population. TIER 2
Epidemic A contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely among the population in an area. TIER 2
Pandemic A widespread epidemic affecting a large part of the population including regions, etc. TIER 2
Mechanization To do or operate by machinery, not by hand. TIER 2
Phenomenon An observable fact or event. TIER 1
Health Care The field concerned with the maintenance. TIER 1
Outliers Is an observation point that is distant from other observations.
Family Planning Program of limiting the size of families through the spacing or prevention of pregnancies, especially for economic reasons. TIER 1
Contraceptives Serving to prevent pregnancy. TIER 1
Replacement Babies The first child you have to replace you after you die. TIER
Economics a science that deals with the making, distributing, selling and purchasing of goods and services. TIER 1
Politics the art or science of government. TIER 1
Sociocultural the combination or interaction of social and cultural elements TIER 2
Advantageous is a person, place, or thing which is favorable or better than most. TIER 1
Alleviate to make less severe. TIER 1
Stabilization to maintain at a given level or quantity TIER 1
Education The knowledge and skill obtained or developed by a learning process TIER 1
Primary Education covering the first three or four years of elementary school and sometimes kindergarten. TIER 1
Secondary Education the last four years of formal school, usually grades nine through grade twelve. TIER 1
Higher Education education beyond high school, especially at a college or university. TIER 1
Gender Empowerment measure of gender equality.TIER 1
Integrated to unite or combine. TIER 1
Age Dependency Ratio the ratio of dependents which include people younger than 15 or older than 64 to the working-age population which are those ages 15-64. TIER 2
Sex Ratio The proportion of males to females in a given population, usually expressed as the number of males per 100 females. TIER 2
Baby Boomers a person born in the years following World War II TIER 2
Indicative a sign or indication of something. TIER 1
Urbanization is a population shift from rural to urban areas, and the ways in which society adapts to the change. TIER 1
Created by: timarab


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