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chapter 9

U.s 1 3rd 9 weeks study guide chapter 9

TermDefinition
Specialization relating or pursuing.
Market revolution the United States was a drastic change in how manual labor was conducted in the United States.
Captalism an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
Entrepeneurs somebody that opens their own business
Telegraph a system for transmitting messages from a distance along a wire, especially one creating signals by making and breaking an electrical connection.
John Deere maufactured plows.
Cyrus McCormick an Inventor and founder of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, which became part of International Harvester Company in 1902.
Manifest destiny a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast.
Western trails Important route used by settlers moving west.
Joseph Smith an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism.
Mormons believe that returning to God requires following the example of Jesus Christ, and accepting his atonement through ordinances such as baptism.
Brigham Young an American leader in the Latter Day Saint movement and a settler of the Western United States.
"Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!" phrase commonly used by extremists in the controversy with Great Britain over the Oregon country.
Land Grants made by a government or other authority as a reward for services to an individual, especially in return for military service.
Antonio Lopez Santa Anna a Mexican politician and general who greatly influenced early Mexican politics and government.
Texas Revolution began when colonists in the Mexican province of Texas rebelled against the increasingly centralist Mexican government.
Alamo a place in Texas where there was a battle between a small group of U.S. soldiers and a large Mexican army.
Sam Houston an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state.
Republic of Texas an independent sovereign country in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846.
Annex append or add as an extra or subordinate part, especially to a document.
James K. Polk the 11th President of the United States. Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.
Zachary Taylor a career officer in the United States Army, rising to the rank of major general.
Stephen Kearney remembered for his significant contributions in the Mexican–American War, especially the conquest of California.
Republic of California/ John C. Fremont he took command of Bear flag revolt.
Winfield Scott served as commanding general of the army from 1841 to 1861.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago added an additional 525,000 square miles to United States territory, including the land that makes up all or parts of present-day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming.
Gadsen Purchase region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that was purchased by the United States in a treaty signed by James Gadsden, American ambassador to Mexico at the time, on December 30, 1853.
49ers/gold rush gold mining towns.
Created by: Katwill678