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Study Guide for Chapter 11 Test

Who founded a fur-trading outpost at the mouth of the Columbia River? John Jacob Astor
The Second Great Awakening caused which two missionaries to go to Oregon in 1836? Marcus and Narcissa Whitman
What disease caused many Indian children to die, so the Cayuse Indians sought revenge by killing the whites around the Whitman Mission? Measles
If you were starting out on the Oregon Trail, what city would you leave from? Independence, Missouri
If you were starting out on the Oregon Trail, when would you begin the trip? Late Spring
What were the five challenges for travelers on the Oregon Trail? Shortages of food, water, and supplies; Rough weather; Natural barriers like rivers and mountains; Accidents; Cholera and diseases
Where did the Oregon Trail end? Willamette Valley
How did most people travel the 2000 miles of the Oregon Trail? Walked
What split from the Oregon Trail in southern Idaho? California Trail
What was the key to getting to California? Getting there before the first snow hit the Sierra Nevada mountains
What was the name of the group who did not make it over the Sierra Nevada mountains and had to spend the winter in the mountains? Donner Party
The Santa Fe Trail connected what two cities? Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico
Who were the main travelers on the Santa Fe Trail? Businessmen
What did Joseph Smith begin in 1830? Mormon Church
What is another name for the Mormon Church? Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
What socially unacceptable belief kept the Mormons moving from New York to Ohio to Missouri and to Illinois? Polygamy
Who was murdered in Illinois in 1844? Joseph Smith
Who became the head of the Mormon Church and took his followers to Salt Lake City, Utah? Brigham Young
Who discovered gold in California in 1848? James Marshall
Where was gold discovered in California in 1848? Sutter's Mill
When did more than 100,000 people "rush" to California to find gold? 1849
Which California city grew from 800 to 25,000 people in two years? San Francisco
What was the name of the preferred method of searching for gold where the gold was washed from loose gravel alongside streams and rivers? Placer Mining
Most people did not make fortunes by finding gold, instead they made a good living by... supplying the miners
Many immigrants from what country came to California between 1849 and 1853? China
What was the end result for California of the population increase by the gold rush? Statehood
What four nations claimed Oregon country? United States, Great Britain, Spain, Russia
Who gave up their claims to Oregon in the Adams-Onis Treaty? Spain
What was the idea, declared by John O'Sullivan that it was America's destiny to expand across the continent to the Pacific? Manifest Destiny
What was the slogan used by the Democrats to refer to where they believed the northern border of Oregon should be located? Fifty-four forty or Fight
What was the name of the meetings held by mountain men to trade their pelts? Rendezvous
What was the name of the canvas-covered wagon used on the Oregon Trail? Prairie Schooner
California's request for statehood in 1850 caused a crisis in Congress because it would upset the balance between free and slave states in the... Senate
What was another name for Hispanic Californians? Californios
The Land Law of 1851 weakened what rights for the Californios? property rights
Very few of these lived in the mining camps in California. Women
Mexicans who claimed Texas as their home were called... Tejanos
In 1830 Mexico issued a decree that stopped all what from the United States into Texas? Immigration
The first battle of the Texas Revolution happened where? Gonzales
Who was the commander of the Alamo? William Travis
Who signed a treaty in 1836 recognizing the independence of Texas? Santa Anna
Andrew Jackson refused to annex Texas because it would upset the balance in Congress of ... slave and free states
President John Tyler supported the annexation of Texas but the treaty failed in the... Senate
In what year did Texas officially become a state of the United States? 1845
Who was the former Congressman who died at the Alamo? Davy Crockett
Who was the leader of the Texas independence movement? Stephen Austin
Who was named commander in chief of the Texas forces? Sam Houston
In the Texas war for independence, what battle forced Santa Anna to surrender to Texas? San Jacinto
New Mexico territory included all, or part, of which states? New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado, Utah
Who was the first American trader to reach Santa Fe and established the Santa Fe Trail? William Becknell
Who passed a law abolishing the Spanish missions, giving some of the land to the Indians and selling the rest? Mexican government
What did shippers and manufacturers hop to build on California's Pacific coast to trade with China and Japan? ports
Who wanted to provoke Mexico into to taking military action first so he could justify a war? President Polk
Northerners accused Democrats of starting a war with Mexico so they could spread... slavery
Who was the American general who captured Mexico City? Winfield Scott
The __?__ was the name of the agreement where Mexico gave California and New Mexico to the United States. Mexican Cession
What was the El Camino Real, or the King's Highway? road connecting the Spanish missions in California
What former slave opposed war with Mexico because he thought the South would bring slavery to any new territories won in the war? Frederick Douglass
The name of the peace treaty that ended the Mexican War was called the Treaty of... Guadalupe-Hidalgo
What two rivers were involved int he disputed boundary between the U.S. and Mexico? Rio Grande River Nueces River
In the war with Mexico, what city was captured without the Americans firing a shot? Santa Fe
In the war with Mexico, what two ports in California were captured by Commodore John Sloat? Monterey San Francisco
Created by: ColbyHistory
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