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gov spring 15

Review for US Constitution Exam (Updated for Spring, 2015/updated 12-12-19

QuestionAnswer
Who is the governor of Illinois? JB Pritzger
How many U.S. Senators per state? 2
U.S. House of Representatives is determined by? The population of each state.
The number of members in the U.S. House of Representatives. 435
How long is the term of office for a U.S. Senator? 6 years
When are congressional elections held? The 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November every even-numbered year.
What are the names of the two U.S. Senators from Illinois? Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth
What are the qualifications to become the President of the United States? 1. Must be at least 35 years old. 2. Must be a natural born citizen. 3. Must have lived in the USA for 14 years.
What are the qualifications to become a member of the United States House of Representatives? 1. Must be at least 25 years old. 2. Must have lived in the USA for 7 years. 3. Must live in the state you represent.
What are the qualifications to become a member of the United States Senate? 1. Must be at least 30 years old. 2. Must have lived in the USA for 9 years. 3. Must live in the state you represent.
What is the name of the Illinois State Senator from the 54th District? (He represents Bond County) Jason Plummer
What is the name of the Illinois State Representative from the 107th Legislative District? Blaine Wilhour
How many U.S. Senators are there? 2 per state (100)
What is the order of Presidential Succession (1-4) 1. Vice-President 2. Speaker of the House of Representatives 3. President Pro Tempore of the Senate 4. Secretary of State
When are Presidential elections held? The 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November every four years.
How is redistricting accomplished? By using the Census ( which occurs every 10 years).
What are the three branches of United States Government? Executive, Legislative and Judicial
Strict Constructionists believe what? There is no room for interpretation when studying/applying the U.S. Constitution
What is the base pay for U.S. Congressmen? $174,000
What is a direct tax? A tax placed onto a person by the U.S. Government
What is a continuous body? The U.S. Senate is an example. In the Senate only 1/3 of its members are up for re-election in any election. So 2/3 are always available to be in session.
What is the salary of the President of the United States? $400,000
Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Roberts, Jr.
What is eminent domain The power of the government to take private property for public use.
Liberal Constructionists believe what? The U.S. Constitution is open to interpretation.
What is redress? Satisfaction of a claim.
Who is the county clerk of Bond County? Meg Sybert
Who is the Lieutenant Governor of Illinois? Juliana Stratton
Who is the Secretary of State in Illinois? Jesse White
Who is the State's Attorney of Bond County? Dora Mann
Who is the Sheriff of Bond County? Jim Leitschuh
What are the two formal duties of the U.S. Vice-President as outlined in the Constitution? 1. Decide Presidential disability 2. To be President of and break ties in the Senate.
What is a bicameral legislature? two-house legislature
How much is our Federal deficit? $128.7 billion dollars (9-16-2014)
When and where was the U.S. Constitution written? Philadelphia, 1787.
What is the term of a U.S. Senator? 6 years
What is the term of a U.S. House of Representative member? 2 years
What is the term for the U.S. Presidency? What is the term for the Governor of Illinois? 4 years; 4 years
Congress is in session for how long? Most of a year.
How long is the term of the governor of Illinois? 4 years
The fundamental law of the land is? The U.S. Constitution
What is an estate tax? A tax levied on the estate of someone who has died.
In a court case, which one is the plaintiff? The person who files the suit (the complainer)
In a court case, which one is the defendant? The person whom the complaint is against.
What is a criminal case? Someone is on trail for committing an action declared by law to be a crime.
What is a civil case? A noncriminal matter (like dispute over a contract).
What is original jurisdiction? A court in which a case is first (originally) heard.
What is appellate jurisdiction? A court that can only hear a case on appeal from a lower court.
What is jurisdiction? The authority to hear a case.
A. What is the purpose of a grand jury? B. What is the size of a grand jury? C. What type of cases can they hear? A.To determine if there is enough evidence to put someone on trial (whether or not to indict them). B. 6-23 people C. Only in criminal matters.
A. What is the purpose of a petit jury? B. What is the size of a petit jury? C. What kind of cases can they hear? A. To hear the evidence in a case and decide the disputed facts. B. 12 people. C. criminal and civil proceedings.
What are the first seven words of the U.S. Constitution? "We the people of the United States,"
What is a felony? A greater crime.
What is a misdemeanor? A lesser crime.
Who must approve a treaty? The U.S. Senate.
How do states get their total number of U.S. House of Representative members? The House of Reps is based on the population of that state.
1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution civil liberties: Freedom of speech, religion, etc.
2nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution The right to bear arms
3rd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Citizens do not have to quarter trroops
4th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Forbids illegal searches and seizures
5th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Explains due process and eminent domain
6th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution criminal proceedings
7th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Deals with civil court cases
8th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Punishment for crimes (Forbids excessive bail)
9th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Unenumerated rights
10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Deals with powers reserved for the states.
Plessy v. Ferguson Segregation can occur if the facilities are equal for every race
Brown v. Board of Education of topeka The idea of "separate but equal" isn't right; overturned Plessy v. Ferguson
New Jersey v. T.L.O. The idea of "reasonable suspicion" as applied to schools.
McCullough v. Maryland "Bank of the United States" case.
Marbury v. Madison Is credited for establishing the idea of judicial review.
Roe v. Wade Establishes "a woman's right to choose"
How are jurors selected? From Driver's License lists.
How old is the most recent Illinois Constitution 1970
What does the average Congressman look like? White middle-aged male
Popular Sovereignty means what? Power is with the people.
Seniority How a congressman gets placed on committees (chairmenship).
When the vice-President is not there, the U.S. Senate is led by who? President Pro Tempore
A directive by the President that has the effect of law. Executive Order
The governor of Illinois actually has legislative (lawmaking) powers. explain. The governor can reject (veto) bills so that they do not become law.
The governor of Illinois actually has executive powers. explain The governor gets to do things like create a budget.
States make most of their money how? Sales Tax
Who is the commander in Chief of the state of Illinois ' military forces? The governor of Illinois.
What does the Illinois Office of the Treasury do? the state's banking
How do bureaucrats get their jobs? The civil service system
What is the most years a president can serve? 10 years.
What is a partisan? A Congressman who votes their party's wishes.
What type of jurisdiction does the Supreme Court have? original and appellate jurisdictions.
A. Which office appoints? B. Which body approves? The President The Senate
The largest source of Federal revenue? Individual income taxes.
Who is the Commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces? The President
How does a Congressman get assigned to committees? By Seniority
In the Electoral College, how are the number of electors per state determined? Adding House of Representatives from a state to number of Senators from a state.
Foreign policy deals with? other countries.
What type of tax are Federal income taxes? direct tax
How many judges are on the U.S. Supreme court? 9
Party platforms for both Republicans and Democrats are? vague; not specific
Which body approves treaties? The Senate
Created by: MJurgena
 

 



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