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Monroe/Adams Review

James Monroe/John Quincy Adams

TermDefinition
Robert Fulton Invented the steamboat which led to faster transportation and improved trade
American System A plan that allowed the United States to become economically self-sufficient by imposing tariffs on imported manufactured goods, making them less desirable due to higher costs.
Lowell Girls Young girls who received higher pay by working in New England Lowell Mills to save money for their dowry & provide for their families on the farm
MO Compromise Written by Henry Clay to maintain a balance of power between free & slave states by admitting ME as a free state & MO as a slave state (12 free & 12 slave states)
McCulloch v. MD Effectively created a stronger federal gov't, because it showed that states do not have the power over federal gov't
Nationalism Impacted U.S.'s desire to expand its territory due to loyalty & devotion of Americans
Era of Good Feelings Time period after War of 1812 promoting unity in U.S. with a sense of pride for one's country
Adams-Onis Treaty Signed with Spain in 1821 & gave FL & OR Territory to U.S.
James Monroe 5th U.S. President who toured the U.S. during the reconstruction of the White House (15 weeks); deliberate thinker
Cumberland Road Federal road extending through 5 states (PA, IN, VA, IL, OH) to western territory to aid in better shipment of manufactured goods
Tariff of Abominations Protected factories in North from foreign competition by forcing Americans to buy American goods, causing financial hardship to the South
Cotton gin Invention by Eli Whitney that removed seeds from cotton easier & resulted in prolonging slavery
Monroe Doctrine A statement of policy (not an executive order or law) that targeted both North & South America by not permitting any addition colonization in either continent
Corrupt Bargain Named for situation of newly-elected president, John Quincy Adams, & his naming Henry Clay as his Secretary of State
Samuel Slater Memorized plans for textile industry & brought ideas to America
Interchangeable parts Invented by Eli Whitney to allow identically-made parts to be used interchangeably, and ultimately, changed manufactured goods
Dartmouth College v. Woodward set a precedent for future court cases that would try to challenge validity of a contract
Nation's factories in New England Built in New England due to powerful streams & rivers as good source of power to transport goods via water
Sectionalism loyalty given to interests to one's own region or section of the country
Francis Cabot Lowell changed focus of New England shipping to manufacturing by opening textile mills
Samuel Slater Memorized plans for textile industry & brought ideas to America
Interchangeable parts Invented by Eli Whitney to allow identically-made parts to be used interchangeably, and ultimately, changed manufactured goods
Dartmouth College v. Woodward set a precedent for future court cases that would try to challenge validity of a contract
Nation's factories in New England Built in New England due to powerful streams & rivers as good source of power to transport goods via water
Sectionalism loyalty given to interests to one's own region or section of the country
Francis Cabot Lowell changed focus of New England shipping to manufacturing by opening textile mills
Washington Irving One of America's first national authors, best known for "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" & "Rip Van Winkle"-a product of the new patriotism of the Era of Good Feelings
Mason-Dixon Line English surveyors, Charles Mason & Jeremiah Dixon, surveyed 233-mile-long border between PA & MD, clearly identifying North from South
Created by: jgasparovic
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