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Independence Study Guide
|What is the "DoI"
|Letter written to King George 111 that listed grievances against him; declared independence from England; created USA.
|When was the "DoI" written
|July 4, 1776
|Who mainly wrote the "DoI"
|Why is the "DoI" important
|Became an example for other people in the world to follow; still seen today as an important document throughout the world.
|limit on King’s power, rule of law, and due process.
|self gov’t, agree that laws would be followed by everyone, and make sure the new gov’t will serve the common good.
|English Bill of Rights
|list people’s rights, and limits the power of the king.
|freedom of speech, they believed that all the power shouldn’t be in the King’s hands.
|life, liberty, property; overthrow gov’t that doesn’t protect your rights.
|having the Republic ruled by the people, checks and balances to form a gov’t.
|freedom of speech, direct democracy, and protect liberty.
|he believed that there could only be safety if everyone followed the laws, checks and balances, and separation of power.
|direct democracy, the citizens had a hand in all or some of the decisions and actions of the gov’t, and consent of the governed.
|Republic- citizens elect representatives = Representative Democracy.
|What is the Const.
|A document that gives the rules for how a government should run.
|When was the Const. written
|Who mainly wrote the Const.
|Why is the Const. important
|Set up government, gave rules for each branch, and the oldest document of its kind in the world that is still in use today.
|introduces the Constitution and explains what it is meant to do.
|gives directions on how the gov’t should work.
|changes that were made after the Constitution became law.
|What is the main role of the Legislative Branch?
|What is the main role of the Executive Branch?
|Enforce the laws
|What is the main role of the Judicial Branch?