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Mrs. Phillips

Independence Study Guide

What is the "DoI" Letter written to King George 111 that listed grievances against him; declared independence from England; created USA.
When was the "DoI" written July 4, 1776
Who mainly wrote the "DoI" Thomas Jefferson
Why is the "DoI" important Became an example for other people in the world to follow; still seen today as an important document throughout the world.
Magna Carta limit on King’s power, rule of law, and due process.
Mayflower Compact self gov’t, agree that laws would be followed by everyone, and make sure the new gov’t will serve the common good.
English Bill of Rights list people’s rights, and limits the power of the king.
Cato’s Letters freedom of speech, they believed that all the power shouldn’t be in the King’s hands.
John Locke life, liberty, property; overthrow gov’t that doesn’t protect your rights.
Machiavelli having the Republic ruled by the people, checks and balances to form a gov’t.
Rousseau freedom of speech, direct democracy, and protect liberty.
Montesquieu he believed that there could only be safety if everyone followed the laws, checks and balances, and separation of power.
Ancient Greece direct democracy, the citizens had a hand in all or some of the decisions and actions of the gov’t, and consent of the governed.
Roman Republic Republic- citizens elect representatives = Representative Democracy.
What is the Const. A document that gives the rules for how a government should run.
When was the Const. written 1787
Who mainly wrote the Const. James Madison
Why is the Const. important Set up government, gave rules for each branch, and the oldest document of its kind in the world that is still in use today.
Preamble introduces the Constitution and explains what it is meant to do.
Articles gives directions on how the gov’t should work.
Amendments changes that were made after the Constitution became law.
What is the main role of the Legislative Branch? Make laws
What is the main role of the Executive Branch? Enforce the laws
What is the main role of the Judicial Branch? Interprets laws
Created by: S732596