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JAH--!7 The Progress

JAHKMLHS C17 The Progressive Era

TermDefinition
W. E. B. Du Bois In 1905 this man, together with several others, adopted the resolutions which led to the founding of the Niagara Movement. This man stated "We want full manhood suffrage and we want it now.... We are men! We want to be treated as men. And we shall win."
Nineteenth Amendment Ratified in 1920, this addition to the Constitution gave women full voting rights.
mutualists These were groups that were organized to assist Mexican Americans. The made loans and provided legal assistance. They also had insurance programs to help members if they were too sick to work.
Newlands Reclamation Act This act allowed the federal government to create irrigation projects to make dry lands productive.
Federal Reserve Act This act created a central fund from which banks could borrow to prevent collapse during a financial crisis.
Clayton Antitrust Act This act prohibited companies from buying the stock of competing companies in order to form a monopoly.
Elkins Act T his act prohibited railroads from accepting rebates.
Hepburn Act This act strengthened the 1887 Interstate Commerce Act.
Pure Food and Drug Act This act was the beginning of accurate ingredient labels.
Pennsylvania Coal Strike This action caused a severe shortage of fuel and finally prompted Roosevelt to threaten a federal take-over of the industry.
referendum This allows citizens to place a recently passed law on the ballot, allowing voters to approve or reject the measure.
initiative This allows voters to put a proposed law on the ballot for public approval.
Sixteenth Amendment This addition to the Constitution enables the income tax.
Seventeenth Amendment This addition to the Constitution provided for the direct election of senators by the voters.
Ida B. Wells This black teacher helped form the NACW, a group which aimed to help families strive for success and to assist those who were less fortunate.
The Jungle This book contained graphic depictions of unsanitary conditions in meat packing plants.
How the Other Half Lives This book depicted the horrendous living conditions in the New York slums.
The Treason of the Senate This book detailed the corruption by big business of the upper house of Congress.
The History of the Standard Oil Company This book details Rockefeller’s ruthless tactics in crushing competition (including the author’s father).
The Bitter Cry of the Children This book opened the eyes of many people to the evils of child labor.
The Shame of the Cities This book showed how corrupt politicians won elections by bribing and threatening voters and revealed how political corruption affected all aspects of life in a city.
Muller v. Oregon This decision upheld a state law establishing a 10-hour workday for women in laundries and factories.
temperance movement This effort was led by the WCTU which promoted the practice of never drinking alcohol.
recall This enables citizens to remove an elected official from office by calling for a special election.
John Muir This famed naturalist believed that the entire wilderness should be preserved in its natural state.
Pelican Island This first national wildlife refuge was established March 14, 1903.
Woodrow Wilson This former governor of New Jersey and president of Princeton came to the presidency in 1913 with a reputation as a zealous reformer.
NAACP This group aimed to help African Americans be “physically free from peonage, mentally free from ignorance, politically free from disfranchisement, and socially free from insult.”
Niagara Movement This group condemned the willingness to compromise African Americans’ basic rights as well as the notion of teaching only trade skills. Blacks should be taught history, literature, and philosophy so that they could think for themselves.
progressivism This is a belief that efficient government can protect public interests and restore order to society. Government needs to be more responsive to people’s needs and more honest.
direct primary This is an election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections.
Antiquities Act of 1906 This law authorized the President to protect landmarks of historic or scientific interest.
Meat Inspection Act This legislation brought reforms to the processing of cattle, sheep, horses, swine and goats destined for human consumption.
Booker T. Washington This man's “Atlanta Compromise” promised that if southern state governments would fund mechanical, technical, and agricultural for blacks, they would be content to remain in their place.
Jacob Riis This man was a photojournalist who exposed the dirt, disease, vice, and misery of the rat-infested New York slums.
Gifford Pinchot This man was Roosevelt’s chief forester.
William Howard Taft This man who really didn’t want to be president was Theodore Roosevelt’s hand-picked successor to run in the 1908 Presidential campaign. He had been a governor in the Philippines.
National Conservation Congress This meeting was called by Roosevelt in order to involve states in their own programs of land preservation.
The Octopus This novel was the first of a projected trilogy dealing with the effect of railroads and corrupt politicians on the wheat industry.
NAWSA This organization called for women’s suffrage on two fronts—some women lobbied Congress for a constitutional amendment and other women used the new referendum process to try to pass state suffrage laws.
Federal Trade Commission This organization enforced anti-trust laws and got tough on companies that used deceptive or fraudulent advertising.
Urban League This organization focused on the poorer African Americans by helping families buy clothes and book and send children to school.
Anti-Defamation League This organization was established to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks, false statements and to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike.
NCL This organization was founded to try to protect women from unfair prices of goods needed to run their homes. Today this organization promotes better working conditions for migrant farmworker families and teen workers.
Department of Commerce and Labor This part of the executive branch of the government was created in 1903 to deal with the antagonism between capital and labor.
Florence Kelley This person helped persuade Illinois to prohibit child labor and to limit the number of hours women were forced to work. She also helped form the Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL).
Alice Paul This social activist was one of the leading figures responsible for the passage of the 19th Amendment (woman suffrage) to the U.S. Constitution. She also formed the NWP which became the first group to march with picket signs outside the White House.
suffrage This term refers to the right to vote.
Australian ballot This type of voting which was invented in 1858, is printed by the government with all candidates for each office listed, and is to be marked by voters in voting booths reduced the amount of bribery in elections since voting was now done in secret.
Northern Securities Company This was a holding company in which J. P. Morgan, James J. Hill, and E. H. Harriman joined their railroads together to dominate shipping from Chicago to the Northwest.
New Nationalism This was a program proposed by Theodore Roosevelt to restore the government’s trust-busting power.
Americanization This was an effort by settlement houses and civic groups to push immigrants to replace their food and customs with Protestant practices and values.
Created by: jim.haferman