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Bacteria-6th Grade

Good for St. Jerome Students!!!

QuestionAnswer
flagellum whip like tail that helps some bacteria move
fission process that produces two new cells with identical genetic material
aerobe bacteria that uses oxygen
anaerobe bacteria that lives in extreme conditions without the input of oxygen
antibiotic partial bacteria sent into the organism to kill the existing bacteria
saphrophyte uses dead or decaying organisms as food source; recycles nutrients
nitrogen fixing bacteria bacteria that coverts nitrogen in the air into forms that plants and animals can use
pathogen any organism that produces disease
toxin poisonous substance made by some pathogens
endospore protective structure that protects some bacteria
vaccine prevent you from getting sick
Bacteria are ______ cells. prokaryotic
Two types of bacteria: eubacteria and archaebacteria
Three shapes (names) Bacilli, cocci, spirilla
Bacilli rod
cocci circle
spirilla spiral
Explain what CYANOBACTERIA are. - makes its own food - has a blue-green pigment (blue-green bacteria)
Provide three examples on where archaebacteria are found. - hot springs - salty lakes -swamps - deep ocean vents
Give an example of an antibiotic penicillin
What is pasteurization? Heating up food to a certain temperature to kill bacteria.
Created by: Rea12
 

 



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