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revolution/constitut

TermDefinition
1. Thomas Jefferson He was the chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence (1776), the chief opponent of the centralizing policies of the Federalists under Hamilton, and effected the Louisiana Purchase (1803)
2. Declaration of Independence the public act by which the Second Continental Congress, on July 4, 1776, declared the Colonies to be free and independent of England.
3. George Washington US general and statesman; first president of the US (1789–97). He was appointed commander in chief of the Continental Army (1775) at the outbreak of the War of American Independence, which ended with his defeat of Cornwallis at Yorktown (1781). He presid
4. James Madison US statesman; 4th president of the US (1809–17). He helped to draft the US Constitution and Bill of Rights. His presidency was dominated by the War of 1812
5. George Mason "stoneworker" from Old French masson, maçon "stone mason" (Old North French machun), probaby from Frankish *makjo or some other Germanic source (cf. Old High German steinmezzo "stone mason," Modern German Steinmetz, second element related to mahhon "to ma
6. Battle of Lexington and Concord The first battle of the Revolutionary War, fought in Massachusetts on April 19, 1775. British troops had moved from Boston toward Lexington and Concord to seize the colonists' military supplies and arrest revolutionaries. In Concord, advancing British tro
7. Battle of Saratoga A major battle of the Revolutionary War, fought in 1777 in northern New York state. Benedict Arnold, who had not yet turned traitor, was a leader of the American offensive, which forced the surrender of British troops under General John Burgoyne.
8. Battle of Yorktown The last battle of the Revolutionary War, fought in 1781 near the seacoast of Virginia. There the British general Lord Cornwallis surrendered his army to General George Washington
9. Treaty of Paris a treaty of 1783 between the US, Britain, France, and Spain, ending the War of American Independence
10. Thomas Paine American political pamphleteer, born in England. His works include the pamphlets Common Sense (1776) and Crisis supporting the American colonists' fight for independence; The Rights of Man a justification of the French Revolution; and The Age of Reason a
11. John locke English philosopher, who discussed the concept of empiricism in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690). He influenced political thought, especially in France and America, with his Two Treatises on Government (1690), in which he sanctioned the rig
12. Social Contract the voluntary agreement among individuals by which, according to any of various theories, as of Hobbes, Locke, or Rousseau, organized society is brought into being and invested with the right to secure mutual protection and welfare or to regulate the rela
13. Constitutional Convention the convention in Philadelphia (1787) of representatives from each of the former Colonies, except Rhode Island, at which the Constitution of the United States was framed.
14. Bill of Rights a formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of the United States, incorporated in the Constitution as Amendments 1–10, and in all state constitutions.
15. Virginia Plan a plan, unsuccessfully proposed at the Constitutional Convention, providing for a legislature of two houses with proportional representation in each house and executive and judicial branches to be chosen by the legislature.
Created by: apinn64