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U.S. History

4th Six Weeks Assessment

QuestionAnswer
First area Hitler "unified" with Germany was Austria
Iwo Jima was an important objective for the American military because U.S. planes could bomb Japan from there
In the Munich Conference, Britain & France gave in to Hitler's demands for the Sudetenland
American program to build the first atomic bomb was called Manhattan Project
Air battle between the German Luftwaffe & the British Air Force that began in June 1940 & lasted until fall of 1940 became known as: Battle of Britain
Germany, Japan, & Italy were known as the Axis Powers
A United States bomber dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima
The D-Day invasion in June 1944 on the beaches of Normandy was important to the outcome of World War II because Opened a new Allied front in Europe
The Nazis "final solution" referred to their plans to Exterminate Europe's Jews
What impact did WWII have on many women in the United States? Women began to work in jobs previously held by men
Who proposed the European Recovery Program that promised European nations American aid to rebuild their economies? George Marshall
The name of the doctrine which pledged the U.S. would stop communism Truman
Name for an era of competition/confrontation between the U.S. and Soviet Union? Cold War
What provided U.S. soldiers returning from WWII with loans for college tuition, homes, or businesses? GI Bill
What was the name for the military alliance between the Soviet Union & the other communist nations? Warsaw Pact
The U.S. senator known for his use of unreliable information to accuse suspected communists in America? Joseph McCarthy
What was the name of the 1954 court case that ruled segregation in public schools was unconstitutional? Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Who was the civil rights leader associated with the Nation of Islam? Malcolm X
Who was the civil rights leader who called for a non-violent approach to end segregation and racism? Martin Luther King Jr.
What was the name of the court case that established "separate-but-equal"? Plessy v. Ferguson
The 24th amendment abolished Poll Tax
A group of African-American students that were integrated into an all-white school in 1957? Little Rock Nine
The first African-American woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives was Shirley Chisholm
Civil Rights activists who sought to overturn racial segregation on public transportation Freedom Riders
The statement "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever" most clearly represents the views of George Wallace
Created by: IAMGCS