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Chp 10 Vocab
|Last queen of Hawaii before it surrendered to the superior force of the U.S.
|The policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories.
|Alfred T. Mahan
|American leader. Admiral of the U.S. Navy. Urged government officials to build up American naval power in order to compete with other powerful nations.
|Secretary of State under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. Arranged for the U.S. to buy Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million. Had trouble persuading House to approve funding for the purchase.
|U.S. pressured Hawaii to allow U.S. to build a naval base at the kingdom's best port.
|Sanford B. Dole
|Headed the new government in Hawaii after the U.S. overthrew the queen.
|A Cuban poet and journalist in exile in New York. Launched a revolution in 1895.
|A Spanish general sent to Cuba in order to restore order. Tried to crush the rebellion by herding the entire rural population of central and western Cuba into barbed-wire concentration camps.
|The use of sensationalized and exaggerated reporting by newspapers or magazines to attract readers.
|A U.S. warship that mysteriously exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba, on February 15, 1898.
|American Commodore who gave the command to open fire on the Spanish fleet at Manila, the Philippine capitol.
|A volunteer cavalry regiment, commanded by Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt, that served in the Spanish-American War.
|San Juan Hill
|A battle that the U.S. won. Roosevelt known as the hero of San Juan Hill.
|Treaty of Paris
|The treaty ending the Spanish-American War, in which Spain freed Cuba, turned over the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and sold the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.
|Legislation passed by by Congress in 1900, in which the U.S. ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government.
|A series of provisions that, in 1901, the United States insisted Cuba add to its new constitution, commanding Cuba to stay out of debt and giving the United States the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy or lease Cuban land for naval an
|A country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power.
|A rebel leader who believed that the U.S. had promised independence. When he and his leaders learned the terms of the treaty, they vowed to fight for freedom.
|Secretary of State. Issued in 1899, a series of policy statements called the Open Door notes.
|Open Door Notes
|Messages sent by Secretary of State John Hay in 1899 to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan, asking the countries not to interfere with U.S. trading rights in China.
|A 1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to free their country from Western influence.
|An artificial waterway cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, opened in 1914.
|An extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, under which the United States claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of Western Hemisphere nations.
|The U.S. policy of using the nation's economic power to exert influence over other countries.
|Francisco "Pancho" Villa
|Leader of rebels. Had troops oppose the Carranza's provisional government. Courted support and aid of the United States. Threatened reprisals against the U.S.
|Leader of rebels. Had troops oppose the Carranza's provisional government. Son of a mestizo peasant. Dedicated to land reform.
|John J. Pershing
|Brigadier General. Sent to Mexico with an expeditionary force of about 1,500 soldiers to capture Villa dead or alive. Captured Villa after about a year.