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U.S. History

Topic 12 "Civil Rights Movement"

TermDefinition
Thurgood Marshall Before becoming a judge he was a lawyer who was best known for his victory in Brown v. Board of Education
Brown vs. Board of Education Landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Rosa Parks An African-American Civil Rights activist who refused to obey a bus driver and give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled
Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955 protest by African Americans in Montgomery Alabama against racial segregation in the bus system
Martin Luther King Jr. American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.
Segregation Forced separation often times by race.
Sit-in Form of protest where participants sit and refuse to move.
SNCC Played a major role in the organization of sit-ins and freedom rides as well as the 1963 March on Washington.
Freedom Ride 1961 protest by activists who rode buses through southern states to test their compliance with the ban on segregation on interstate buses.
James Meredith American civil rights movement figure. He was an Air Force veteran and the first African-American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi
March on Washington 1963 demonstration in which more than 200,000 people rallied for economic equality and civil rights
Freedom Summer 1964 effort to register African American voters in Mississippi
Malcolm X Courageous advocate for the rights of blacks. He indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; many accused him of preaching violence.
Black Panthers Organization of militant African Americans founded in 1966
"Black Power" Movement in 1960s that urged African Americans to use their collective political and economic power to gain equality
Created by: Mr. Peirce