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Chap 11 Gr10 History

Abolitionist Name given to people who wanted immediate end of slavery
Annex To add or take over a land claim
Compromise of 1850 Act that included an offer to give Texas 10 million dollars not to pursue to be part of New Mexico Territory
fire-eaters A group of southern political leaders who held extreme pro-slavery views
Free-state any state that banned slavery
Free-soil party Anti-slavery Whigs and Democrats that formed a party in response to no party addressing the slavery issue.
Gag rule Resolution passed to ban any mention of slavery in congress.
Henry clay's role in compromise Strong supporter of slavery compromise between the North and south to preserve the Union.
John c. Calhoun south's elder statesman and a leader fire-eater with pro-slavery views.
Lewis Cass Michigan Senator that proposed concept of popular sovereignty (letting citizens of territories vote on allowing slavery)
Missouri Compromise Act that banned slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of 36 30'- Missouri's southern boundary.
Winfield Scott Mexican War hero who was the Whigs candidate in the election of 1852
Abraham Lincoln's senatorial race Challenged Stephen Douglas for the Illinois senate in 1868; challenged Douglas to a series of seven debates. Attacked slavery issue in Dred Scott decision.
Confederate States of america The Confederacy; nation formed by the southern states that seceded from the Union in 1861.
Dredd Scott decision Supreme court decision in 1857 that ruled that African Americans were not U.S.citizens, that the Missouri compromise's restriction on slavery was unconstitutional, and that congress did not have the right to ban slavery in any federal territory.
Freeport Doctrine Statement made by Stephen Douglas during the Lincoln debates arguing that people in the territories had the power to ban slavery by refusing to pass laws to protect it.
John Brown Abolitionist who led both the Pottawatomie Massacre and the attack on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry.
John Breckinridge Pres. candidate in election of 1860 nominated by southern democrats who did not support democrat Stephen Douglas
Lincoln & Abolition Supported abolition and freedom for slaves
Roger B. Taney Supreme court Chief Justice that decided the Dred Scott Decision 1857
Secession Vote by Southern states that left the Union to form the Confederate States of America
States' Rights States had right to make own laws, make slavery legal.
Wilmot Provision An 1846 proposal to outlaw slavery in any territory added to the U.S. by the Mexico cession; passed in the house of Representatives but was defeated in the senate.
Zachary Taylor Mexican War hero general who was the Whig party candidate in the 1848 presidential election. Supported also by Free Soil Party. Won the election.
1852 election Won by Democrat Franklin Pierce, strong supporter of Compromise of 1850.
Congress & the Kansas- Nebraska Act One of the fears of Congress was that if a territory voted for slavery, it would cause many whites to lose their jobs.
Arguments against the Kansas- Nebraska act Besides anti-slavery, many were worried about losing jobs. Violence in Kansas between pro and anti- slavery
1856 election Republican (anti-slavery) john C. Feemont lost to democrat (pro Kansas Nebraska Act) James Buchanon
Emigrant Aid Company Organized by New Englanders to promote an effort to help anti-slavery families pick-up and move.
Frederick Douglass former slave who turned into a strong abolitionist
Fugitive Slave Act Another divisive act that made helping runaway slaves escape a federal crime
James Buchanan Managed to win presidency in 1856 by receiving enough support from slave and free states
Lecompton Constitution controversy It was a joke because it was passed by pro-slavery voters only
Popular sovereignty & Lecompton Constitution Event in Kansas that was caused by efforts to increase number of voters on both sides of slavery issue
Pottawatomie Massacre An attack on a pro-slavery settlement in Kansas led by abolitionist John Brown where five men were dragged from their beds and murdered.
Uncle Tom's Cabin reactions radicalized feelings in the north and south
Winfield Scott Famous US general, led American forces to victory in Mexico. He then became presidential candidate of the Whig party in 1852
Abraham Lincoln's Senatorial race ran against Stephen Douglas in 1858. Douglas won, but the pre-election debates were for Lincoln
Confederate States of America States that seceded or left the country in 1861 chose this name for their new nation
Dred Scott decision Supreme Court ruled that African Americans were not citizens, and therefore couldn't have the rights given to citizens
Freeport Doctrine a plan developed by Sen. Stephen Douglas suggesting people of the respective Western Terriotories
John Brown radical sometimes violent abolitionists that, in 1859, tried to start a slave rebellion by leading an attack on arsenal at Harper's Ferry
John Breckinridge A democrat from the south, lost to Lincoln in 1860,thought Congress had right to protect slavery
Lincoln and Abolition Had a moderate stance on slavery. He was far more interested in preserving the Union, then he was freeing slaves
Roger B. Taney Chief justice of the Supreme Court, who handed down the Dred Scott decision and others that favored southern interests
Secession when a state leaves the country
States' rights A strong political belief, especially in the South, that the Federal Government shouldn't interfere with state laws
Created by: squints0609