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The Great Depression

Social Studies

Black Tuesday The stock market prices fell marking the beginning of the Great Depression.
Hundred Days A special session of Congress kept busy passing FDR's programs.
New Deal Roosevelt's programs to fight the Depression.
Bonus Army Marched to Washington D.C. to collect early payment for fighting in WWI.
Second New Deal Another set of programs to fight the Depression, passed in 1935.
Deficit Spending Using borrowed money to pay for government programs.
Dust Bowl Farms damaged across a large area of the mid-section of the U.S.
Sit-Down Strike Workers stop working but stay at the job site.
SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) Watches the stock market.
Liberal A political view that favors strong government action.
How did entering WWI help to end the Depression? The U.S. needed to make weapons for the war so factories began operating at full production and created jobs.
How did Eleanor Roosevelt help during FDR's presidency? Eleanor Roosevelt traveled the country and helped the poor. When she got back, she told FDR how his programs were going.
How did voting patterns for African Americans change? Before, African Americans usually voted for Republicans because Abraham Lincoln was one, but they thought it was good that FDR was helping the poor so they started voting for Democrats.
How did FDR lose popularity with the American people? FDR tried to pack the court with justices who would support him which hurt his image. They blamed him when the economy worsened again in 1937.
How did Roosevelt take charge at the beginning of his presidency? Roosevelt gave America hope and was willing to change the way the government worked. He took immediate steps and had no fixed plan but smart advisors.
How did buying on margin contribute to the stock market crash? Buying on margin made it so that people could not pay back banks if stock prices fell.
What results of the New Deal are in effect today? Pensions, labor union support, and SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission).
How did Hoover approach the problem of the Great Depression? Hoover thought that people should not be dependent on the government.
How did Roosevelt approach the problem of the Great Depression? Roosevelt thought that the government should solve the problem. He gave America hope and provided relief, recovery, and reforms.
What are the five main causes of the Depression? Problems in business and farming, unequal incomes, too many unsold goods, too much debt, and stock market problems.
What are three examples of how FDR dealt with the depression? The Social Security Act, fireside chats, and a temporary shutdown of all banks.
What are five specific ways Americans were affected by the Depression? Americans lost homes, lost jobs, and went hungry. Some children ran away and Okies had to migrate.
What are four lasting effects of the Depression and the New Deal? People live in fear of losing money, stronger presidents and federal government, Social Security Act, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or FDIC insures banks.
When did the Great Depression occur? The 1930's
What are the three R's of FDR's plan? Relief, recovery, and reforms.
Who did the Americans blame most for the Great Depression. Herbert Hoover.
Migration Routes Highways that became routes from the Dust Bowl to California.
States most affected by the Dust Bowl Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, New Mexico
FDR - Franklin D. Roosevelt Failed to back Civil RIghts Laws.
Most Northern State in Dust Bowl North Dakota
African Americans began to support The Democrats.
Created by: 1963007756



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