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chapter 3

constitution a detailed, written plan for government
bicameral where something is ruled by two or more people
confederation a group of individuals or state governments
ratify to vote approval of
constitutional convention meeting of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of new
great compermise agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
Three-fifths compromise agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three fifths of other persons in determining representation in congress
electoral college a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
federalism a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and states
Anti-federalists those who opposed ratification the constitution
preamble the opening section of the constitution
legislative branch the lawmaking branch of government
executive branch the branch of government that carries out laws
judicial branch the branch of government that interprets laws
amendment any change in the consitution
popular sovereignty a nation where the power lies with the people
rule of law principal of law that applies to everyone even those who govern
separation of powers the split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
checks and balances a system in which each branch in government can check, or restrain the power of the other branches
reserved powers powers that the constitution dose not give the national government but are kept by the states
concurrent powers powers shared by the state and federal governments
expressed powers the powers congress have specifically given by the constitution
federalists supporters of the constitution