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Chapter 9 Vocab S.S.

Progressive Movement an early-20th-century reform movement seeking to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunities, and to correct injustices in American life.
Florence Kelley Advocate for improving lives of women and children.
Prohibition the banning of the manufacture, sale, and possession of alcoholic beverages.
Muckraker one of the magazine journalists who exposed the corrupt side of business and public life in the early 1900s.
Scientific Management the application of scientific principles to increase efficiency in the workplace.
Robert M. La Follette Republican that led the way in big business.
Initiative a procedure by which a legislative measure can be originated by the people rather than by lawmakers.
Referendum a procedure by which a proposed legislative measure can be submitted to a vote of the people.
Recall a procedure for removing a public official from office by a vote of the people.
Seventeenth Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1903, that provides for the election of U.S. senators by the people rather than by state legislatures.
Upton Sinclair Mucracking journalist, found bad conditions on the meatpacking industry. Wrote "The Jungle"
The Jungle A novel by Upton Sinclair published, in 1906,
Theodore Roosevelt President
Square Deal President Theodore Roosevelt's program of progressive reform's designed to protect the common people against big businesses.
Meat Inspection Act a law, enacted in 1906, that established strict cleanliness requirements for meatpackers and created a federal meat-inspection program.
Pure Food and Drug Act a law enacted in 1906 to halt the sale of contaminated foods and drugs and to ensure truth in labeling.
Conservation the planned management of natural resources, involving the protection of some wilderness areas and the development of others for the common good.
NAACP the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People- an organization founded in 1909 to promote full racial equality.
Gifford Pinchot head of the U.S. Forest Service.
William Howard Taft Secretary of war
Payne-Aldrich Tariff a set of tax regulations, enacted by Congress in 1909, that failed to significantly reduce tariffs on manufactured goods.
Bull Moose Party a name given to the Progressive Party, formed to support Theodore Roosevelt's candidacy for the presidency in 1912.
Woodrow Wilson New Jersey Governor
Carrie Chapman Catt NAWSAs president
Clayton Antitrust Act a law, enacted in 1914, that made certain monopolistic business practices illegal and protected the rights of labor unions and farm organizations.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) federal agency est. in 1914 to investigate and stop unfair business practices.
Federal Reserve System National banking system, est, in 1913 that controls U.S. money supply and credit availability in the country.
Nineteenth Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920 that gives women the right to vote.
Created by: Haley.Brinkman