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bill of rights

description of each amendmet

billdefinition
Amendment 1 Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, and right to petition
Amendment 2 gun control
Amendment 3 Can't force citizens to house solders
Amendment 4 Unreasonable searches. Need a search warrant.
Amendment 5 Due process and Double jeopardy No one can have property taken away.
Amendment 6 Protects the rights of a person that has been indicted
Amendment 7 Civil Suites
Amendment 8 Allows for bail. Doesn't allow cruel and unusual punishments
Amendment 9 Rights in Constitution aren't only ones citizens have. Congress can decide other basic rights of citizens.
Amendment 10 States and people have additional power. Protects citizens rights and keeps balance between federal and state governments.
Names of 3 branches of government Legislative Judicial and Executive
Main job of Legislative branch Make laws
Main job of judicial branch interpret/make sure laws are constitutional.
main job of executive branch enforce laws
What is checks and balances? a way of keeping the power even between he branches of government. Each branch has its own way of checking the other branches
Why did the framers design checks and balances? To keep the power even so no branch would become too powerful.
definition of amend to make minor changes in a text.
definition of ratify sign or give formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement.
definition of elastic clause Congress can make any law that's necessary and proper for carrying out its expressed powers.
definition of federalism The division of power between states and a central government
definition of impeach Fire an official because of misconduct.
definition of bicameral two branches
How many members in house, senate, office of president, and supreme court? 435, 100, 1, and 9
What is the length of term for the house, senate, president, and supreme court? 2, 6, 4, life years
are members appointed or elected in the house, senate, office of president, and supreme court? elected, elected, elected, and appointed
What is the age requirement of the house, senate, president, and supreme court justice? 25, 30, 35, no age
What is the citizenship requirement for the house, senate, office of president, and supreme court? 7, 9, borin in u.s/35, none
What is an example of checks and balances? an example is that the supreme court can reject laws that the legislative branch makes. This is an example of checks and balances because it is how the judicial branch checks the legislative branch.
What is the amendment process? either a vote of 2/3 of congress proposes an amendment and the 3/4 of state legislatures ratify the amendment. Or 2/3 of state legislatures ask for a convention. then 3/4 state conventions ratify the amendment.
How many amendments do we have? 27
What are delegated powers? powers given to the federal government
what are reserved powers? powers given to the state governments
what are concurrent powers? powers given to both the state and federal governments.
Name three executive departments department of education, department of agriculture, and department of interior
What are the names of the three parts of the constitution? preamble, articles, and amendments
Write the preamble WE the people of the united states, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty, to ourselves and our posterity, do
Why is the constitution called a living document? Because it can be amended/changed
3 fascinating facts about the constitution It is the oldest and shortest constitution, Constitution day is celebrated on September 17th, Ben Franklin was the oldest person to sign the constitution
what do the five parts of the first amendment mean? freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, right to petition, freedom of religion, and freedom of press.
what are the 5 parts of the fifth amendment? Need compensation for property, No double jeopardy, police cannot force people to say things that could be used against them in trial, presumed innocent until proven guilty, right to grand jury hearing
What are the 4 parts of the sixth amendment? right to be judged by a jury, right to a speedy trial, right to an attorney, right to hear and question all witnesses who testify
what are the five big ideas of the constitution? due process, self-government, rule of law, rights, limited-government
Who wrote the constitution? James madison
When was the bill of rights added to the constitution? December 15th 1791
Created by: ooomber