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American Revolution

Test on Thursday

George Washington Leader of the Continental Army
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Paine Wrote the pamphlet "Common Sense"
Paul Revere Famous for his midnight ride to warn the colonists of British
Benjamin Franklin Was a printer, writer, publisher, inventor, and scientist
King George lll King of England during the American Revolution
John Adams 2nd president of the U.S.
Patrick Henry Wrote an angry speech against the Stamp Act
Samuel Adams Leader of the Sons of Liberty in Boston
Lord Dunmore A Loyalist Governor of Virginia
Mercy Otis Warren A Patriot writer that wrote plays and poems supporting Independence
Who was General Thomas Gage? British governor of Massachusetts; learned the Patriots were storing gunpowder and cannons in Concord, Massachusetts
Why were the British soldiers going to march at night? So they could surprise the Patriots
Who were the two Patriots that warned the colonists of the British? Paul Revere and William Dawes
Which side shot first at the battle of Lexington & Concord? No one knows
Where did the militia force the British to retreat to? Boston
What happened after news traveled about the Battles of Lexington & Concord? The militias gathered in Boston
Why did militia leaders want to build a fort on a hill? So they could see them coming and shoot them
What was the actual name of the hill that the fort was built on? Breeds Hill
How many times did the British attack the fort? 3 times
The British captured the fort even though.... More than half of their soldiers were killed or injured
Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill significant? It was the start of the Revolutionary War
When and where did the 2nd Continental Congress meet? May 10, 1755; Philadelphia
Two members of the Continental Congress: Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin
Two accomplishments made during the meeting: 1.Organized Continental Army; named George Washington as leader 2.Declared Independence from Britain; adopted July 4th as holiday
In the Battle of Saratoga, the British began an attack from where? Canada
Where did the Americans stop the British? Saratoga, New York
How many battles did both armies fight? Who won the battles? Two; Americans
What General and how many British soldiers were forced to surrender? General Burgoyne; 5,000 soldiers
The battle of Saratoga was considered a what in the war? A turning point
Who had been trying to get what country to help out with the war? Benjamin Franklin; France
After the victory of Saratoga, what was France convinced of? The Americans could win the war
What did France send to help with the war? Money, soldiers, and a Navy
Name three countries that helped with the war against Britain? Spain, Russia, and the Netherlands
General Cornwallis led the British Army to where in Virginia? Yorktown
Who marched the Continental Army south to Virginia? George Washington
The Americans and what other country fired cannons in Yorktown? France
Why was Cornwallis trapped in Yorktown? The French Navy surrounded them
The British Army did what in Yorktown? They surrendered
Why was the Battle of Yorktown so important? It was the last major battle of the war
When was the Treaty of Paris signed? September 3, 1783
What did the Treaty of Paris officially do? It was an agreement between the U.S. and Britain saying that America won the war
What two things did Britain agree to? 1. Recognized independence of the U.S. 2. Gave the U.S. all land east of Mississippi River, south of Canada, the Great Lakes, and north of Florida
Benedict Arnold Spy for British; general in American Revolution; a traitor to America
Crispus Attucks Former slave; killed in Boston Massacre
Lord North British prime minister; started taxing colonists
John Hancock President of Congress; first to sign Declaration of Independence
John Paul Jones Leader of American Navy
Francis Scott Key Wrote the Star Spangled Banner
Abigail Adams Wife of John Adams; often wrote and gave advice to him during American Revolution
Charles Cornwallis British general in American Revolution; surrendered in Yorktown
Nathanael Greene Commander of American Army in the south
Marquis de Lafayette Helped lead American soldiers in many battles
Baron Von Steuben Prussian soldier; helped train soldiers in Valley Forge
Continental Armies: 230,000 state militias; 8,000 French troops; 5,000 African Americans; 2 Iroquois tribes
Continental Army's Navies: 2,000 privateers; about 350 French and Spanish ships
Continental Army Leaders: George Washington; French alies; foreign volunteers
Continental Army Advantages: Good leadership; new the land well; invented riffle; had experienced French and Indian leaders; strong motivation
Continental Army Disadvantages: Inexperienced army; short army terms; new navy; insufficient supplies; near bankrupt
Continental Army Strategies/Tactics: Hit and run tactics; querrillia tactics learned from Indians; 18th century war strategies and tactics
British Armies: 50,000 loyalists; African Americans; Native Americans; 3 Iroquois tribes
British Army's Navies: About 460 ships
British Army Leaders: William Howe and Henery Clinton
British Army Advantages: Strongest army and navy in the world; Indian support; loyalist cooperation; lots of money; colorful uniforms (also a disadvantage)
British Army Disadvantages: Weak motivation; unaggrassive officer; 3,000 miles from home base; easy targets because of uniforms
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence? Colonists wanted to be free from British government
On what date was the Declaration of Independence approved? July 4, 1776
What is the first truth mentioned in the Declaration of Independence? All men are created equal
What unalienable rights does the Declaration of Independence say people have? Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
What does the Declaration of Independence say people have the right to do if a government becomes destructive? Get rid of the government and create a new one
Why is the Declaration of Independence one of the most important documents in history? It was the start of our country
Patriot Someone who wanted freedom and fought against the British
Loyalist Someone who is loyal to the British
Neutralist Someone who can't pick between the patriots and the loyalists
Created by: 1963856228