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QuestionAnswer
Many 20th century American foreign policy issues have their origins in America’s emergence as a ______________ at the end of the 19th century. world power
America’s ______________ in World War I ensured her role as a world power for the remainder of the century. intervention
The growing role of the United States in international trade displayed the American urge to build, innovate, and explore new _____________. markets
Secretary of State ____________ proposed the Open Door policy, designed to give all nations equal trading rights in China. John Hay
President Taft made ____________ the cornerstone of his foreign policy. This called for American banks and businesses to invest in Latin America. Dollar diplomacy
Taft promised that the United States would step in if unrest threatened these _______________. investments
Growth in international trade occurred from the late 1800s to World War I—the first era of a true ________________. “global economy”
Puerto Rico was annexed by the U.S. as a result of the U.S. victory in the ______________________ War. Spanish American
The U.S. also asserted the right to intervene in __________ affairs as a result of its victory in the Spanish American War. Cuban
Under the leadership of President _________________, the U.S. encouraged Panama’s independence from Columbia. Theodore Roosevelt
The U.S. negotiated a treaty with newly independent Panama for the U.S. to build the _______________. Panama Canal
The United States made efforts to depose Hawaii’s monarchy. In 1898, the U.S. ______________ Hawaii. annexed
After the Spanish American War in 1898, the U.S. annexed the _____________. Philippines
The _______________ Policy urged all foreigners to obey Chinese law, and to observe fair competition. Open Door
While American entry into ___________________ ensured Allied victory, the failure to conclude a lasting peace left a bitter legacy. World War I
World War I began in _____________ in 1914, when Germany and Austria- Hungary went to war with Britain, France, and Russia. Europe
For three years, America remained _______________, and there was a strong sentiment not to get involved in a European war. neutral
The decision to enter the war was the result of continuing German _______________ (freedom of the seas) and American ties to Great Britain. submarine warfare
Americans wanted to the “make the world safe for _________________.” (Wilson) democracy
America’s ____________________ of soldiers and war materials tipped the balance of the war and led to Germany’s defeat. military resources
Wilson’s plan to eliminate the causes of war included the concepts of _____________________, freedom of the seas, a League of Nations, and a mandate system. self-determination
The French and English insisted on _________________ of Germany. punishment
A _____________________ was created at the Treaty of Versailles. League of Nations
National boundaries were _____________, creating many new nations. redrawn
In the debate in the United States over the League of Nations, many objected to U.S. foreign policy decisions being made by an _______________ organization, and not by U.S. leaders. international
In the end, the Senate failed to approve (ratify) the ___________________. Treaty of Versailles