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Chapter 2

TermDefinition
Enlightenment Movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society.
Monarch King or Queen.
Legislature A group of people that make laws.
Precedent A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case.
Common Law A system of law based on precedent and customs.
Natural Rights Freedoms people posses relating to life, liberty, & property.
Social Contract An agreement among people in society with a government.
Colony A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
Joint-Stock Company Investors provide partial ownership in a company organized for profit.
Charter A written document granting land & the authority to set up colonial governments; Or a government document granting permission to organize a corporation.
Compact An agreement, or contract , among a group of people.
Proprietary Colony Area with owner-controlled land & government.
Royal Colony A colonial area of land controlled directly by a king or other monarch.
Religious Dissenters Those who followed a religious faith other than the official religion of England.
Puritans Religious dissenter who came to the colonies to purify, or reform, the Anglican Church.
Pilgrims Colonial Puritans who considered themselves people on a religious journey.
Toleration Respecting & accepting others, regardless of their beliefs, practices, or differences.
Indentured Servant Workers who contracted with American colonists for food & shelter in return for their labor
Plantation A large estate
Triangular Trade Patten of trade the developed in colonial times among the Americas, Africa, & Europe
Tidewater Area's of low, flat plains near the seacoast of Virginia & North Carolina.
Egalitarianism The philosophy or spirit of Equality.
Mercantilism The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys.
Boycott The refusal to purchase certain goods.
Repeal To cancel a law.
Delegate A Representative to a meeting.
Independence Self-Reliance & Freedom from outside control.
Created by: Brianlopez464