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Chapter 8 History

QuestionAnswer
What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 establish? A federal court system
What is an example that other people follow? a precedent
The amount of money the government owes is called... national debt
A tax on imported goods is called a... Tariff
Alexander Hamilton's taxes led to a rebellion by farmers in western... Pennsylvania
In the Treaty of Greenville, the Shawnee Indians gave up their claims to land in which present day state? Ohio
What is the correct order for the location of the US Capitol from 1789 to 1800? New York, Philadelphia, Washington DC
What did "protective tariffs" protect? American manufacturers
From which grain is whiskey distilled? Corn
What is impressment? forcing American sailors into service in the British navy
Who was Thomas Jefferson? The Secretary of State
Who was Alexander Hamilton? Secretary of Treasury
Who was Edmund Randolph? Attorney General
Who was John Adams? Vice President for George Washington and later became President
Who was John Jay? Negotiated a Treaty with Britain: First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Who was Henry Knox? Secretary of War
Who was Thomas Pinckney? Negotiated a Treaty with Spain to secure rights to the Mississippi River
Who was George Washington? Proclaimed Neutrality
The First President, George Washington, received votes from how many of the electors? All 69.
Washington's inauguration took place in New York City. New York city was the first... The first home of the new nation's government
Congress set up 3 executive departments. What were they? State Departments, Treasury Departments, and War Departments
Who made up the First Cabinet? Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox, Alexander Hamilton, Edmund Randolph, and John Adams
Hamilton's New Plan proposed what? that the Federal government assume and pay off all federal and state debts
What was the opposition to Hamilton's Plan? Bonds and Speculators, and Southern States
In the Compromise, Jefferson persuaded the South to Hamilton's Plan. What did the South want? The South wanted to move the nation's capital into the South. Congress agreed in exchange for the South's support.
There were 8 banks in the US at that time. What kind of banks were they? State Banks
Who claimed that chartering a national bank was unconstitutional? Jefferson and Madison. However, George Washington sided with Hamilton (creator of idea) and signed the bill
Hamilton said that the future of America depended on what? Manufacturing and Trade
He proposed protective tariffs on what and why? On imported goods in order to encourage people to buy American products. Also, a tax was on whiskey.
What was Hamilton's Plan made of? To pay of national and state debt, issue bonds, create a national bank, protective tariffs, domestic taxes
What is a cabinet? a group of advisors for the president
What is a bond? notes promising to repay the money in a certain amount of time
What is a speculator? people who risk money in order to make a larger profit
What does unconstitutional mean? inconsistent with the Constitution
What is a tariff? a tax on imports
What political party was John Adams? a Federalist
Created by: SSSullivan