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Chapter 9

The Civil War in the Indian Territory

tariffs taxes
states' rights should state or federal authority prevail?
free states states that do not permit slavery
slave states states that do permit slavery
secede break away
Compromise of 1850 settled the Texas-New Mexico boundary and Texas received $10 million to pay off its debts to Mexico.
abolitionists people who were against slavery
Underground Railroad secret network of safe places for slaves to hide as they escaped to the North or Canada.
popular sovereignty when those living in Kansas and Nebraska were allowed to decide for themselves if they wanted slavery.
Dred Scott ruling U.S. Supreme Court ruled that slaves were beings of inferior order with no rights that white men were bound to respect.
Confederate States of America after Abraham Lincoln won the election of 1860, 7 southern states seceded from the Union and formed a new government.
neutral not taking a side
guardianship when someone legally has the authority to make decisions for and care for control all of the property of someone.
tribes that sided with the Confederacy Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole
Stand Watie led a group of mixed blood Cherokee horsemen to fight for the Confederacy.
Opathleyahola leader of the Upper Creek who led his people to safety when the Civil War broke out to Union Territory
Battle of Pea Ridge fought in northwestern Arkansas in 1862, Union wins, Confederate position is weakened in the West.
Battle at Cabin Creek first engagement of the Civil War in which black, white, and Indian troops fought side by side.
Battle of Honey Springs the largest, bloodiest, and most decisive Civil War battle in the Indian Territory. After the Union forces won this battle, they controlled all of the Indian Territory north of the Arkansas River.
guerilla a member of a small military group that harasses the enemy.
April 9, 1865 the Civil War ends at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia. The Union wins.