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Study Stack #1

Due: Monday,January,22,2015

TermDefinition
Classification The process of classifying organisms into groups by similarities.
Binomial nomenclature The system for naming organisms in which each organism is given a unique, two part scientific name.
Prokayote An organism whose cells lack a nucleus and some other cell parts
Eukaryote An organism that has a nucleus
Dichotomous Key A tool that allows the user to determines the identify of items in the natural world, such as, trees, wildflowers, mammals , reptiles, rocks, and fish
Archaea bacteria Microorganism that are similar to bacteria in size and simplicity of structure but radically different in molecular organisation,
Virus A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell.
Host The organism that a parasite or virus lives in or on
Parasite The organism that benefits by living on or a host in a paraitism interaction.
Flagellum A long whip like structure that helps a cell to move
Binary Fission A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to form two identical cells.
Conjugation The process in which a unicellular organism transfers some of its generic material to another unicellular organism
Endospore A small, rounded, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside a bacteria cell.
Decomposer An organism that breaks down chemicals from wastes and dead organism, and returns important materials to the soil and water.
Protist A eukaryotic organism that cannot be classified as an animal,plant, or fungi
Protozoan An animal like protist
Pseudopod A false foot or temparary bulge of cytoplasm used for feeding and movement in some protozans.
Cilia the harilike projections on the outside of cells that ove in a wave like manner.
Algae Plantlike protist.
Spore A tiny cell that is able to grow into a new organism.
Fungi Most fungi are multicellular eukaryotes. A few, such as the yeast you use for backing are unicellular eukaryotes.
Hyphae The branching, threadlike tubes that makup the bodies of multicellular fungi.
Fruiting Body The reproductive structure of a fungus that contains mnay hypahe and prduces spores
Budding A form of asexual reprduction of yeast in which a new cell grows out of the body.
Lichen The combination of a funguss and wither an alga of an autophic bacterium that lives together in a mutualistic relationship.
Created by: Arianna W.
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