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Constitution Test cards

New Jersey Plan This plan was supported by smaller states which called for a single house of Congress with equal representation for each state.
Verginia Plan This plan was supported by larger states which called for branches of government and a legislature that would have two houses where representation would be based on population and wealth
Great Compromise This called for a two-house legislature (Congress) with the House of Representatives (votes based on population-please larger states) and the Senate (each state would have two votes-please smaller states). This addressed the issue of how representat
Three-Fifths Compromise To help the south determine how many representatives a state should have in Congress, they decided to count each enslaved person as 3/5 of a free person. This ended the issue of taxation and representation.
Constitutional Convention A meeting held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with the goal of revising the Articles of Confederation.
James Madison He wrote much of the Constitution. He is often called, “The Father of the Constitution.”
Articles of Confederation Considered the first form of national government in the United States.
Preamble explains why the Constitution was written; lists the six goals of the Constitution.
Amend to change
Repeal to cancel of take away
Delegates people sent or authorized to represent others
Ratify to approve
Unalienable Rights rights that can't be taken away, such as life liberty, and pursuit of happiness
George Washington First president of the united states, and the president of the Constitutional Convention.
Federalists supporters of the constitution
Anti-Federalists ratification of the constitution
Bill of rights defines peoples rights
Five freedoms in the first ammendment speech, press, religion, and assemble.
Two limitations placed on five freedoms Can't violate peoples rights, and you can't harm anyone.
Civil court Suing somebody for money damage
Criminal court A court of law which criminal cases are determined.
Slander A spoken statement of a false rumor
Lible A written statement damaging someone's charactor
Assemble To gather peacefully within a group to discuss issues
Petition To circulate a written statement for the purpose of gaining signatures of those for or against an issue.
Probable cause A solid reason to believe that a crime has been committed.
Information that would be on a search warrent Date,expected time, a location, the area to be searched, and a judges signature.
Items protected from an unwarranted search A persons papers, his house, his possessions, himself, other personal effects.
Capital Crime A serious crime that involves the death penalty as a punishment
Infamous Crime A serious crime that involves jail time from one year to life
Indictment A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime
Valid Evidence Direct evidence DNA or a witness which could directly link someone to a crime
Circumstantial Evidence Indirect evidence that implies something occurred but doesn't directly prove it.
Grand Jury Examines the evidence against the accused to determine if there is enough valid evidence to send the case to trial
Trial Jury Decides if the person on trial is guilty
Judge's responsibility Determine what the punishment should be for the person on trial. (if they are guilty)
Double Jeperdy No person can be tried for the same crime twice assuming he is found innocent.
Plaintiff You are making the charge
Defendant The person being accused of the crime
Due process of law Legal proceedings are carried out with established rules and principles. A person is entitled to the entire court procedures
5 rights under due process of law Trial by jury, lawyers, appeal case, have witnesses, show evidence.
Speedy trial The defendant is tried for the alleged crimes within a reasonable time after being arrested.
Unbiased jury a jury of peers that have not made judgement or guilt or innocence. The must go by the testimony presented in court.
Subpoena Forces witnesses for the accused to appear and testify in court whether they want to or not.
Perjury Lying under oath in court
Minimum $ amount for a common lawsuit $20.00 (in damage)
Maximum $ amount for a common lawsuit No set amount but has to be reasonable
Bail Money provided by the accused to insure that the defendant will appear in court at his appointed hour.
Cruel & unusual punishment death penalty. Police cannot do these things. it would be violation of the 8th ammendment
Main duty of legislative Branch Make countries laws
Congress Two houses make up this role
Senate upper house has 100 people total of 2 senators per state
Two Illinois Senators Dick Durbin and Mark Kirk
Vice president Is the president of the senate and is in charge of the senate
President leader of the united states
President Pro- Tempore replacement when the vice president is out of town Orrin Hatch
Qualifications of Senate Must be at least 30, must be a citizen for at least 9 years and must live in the state that the are representing
Governor of Illinois Bruce Rauner fills the space what the senator cannot fulfill their vacancy
House of representatives called the lower house determined by the population of the state
Census a vote of how people are doing.
Illinois district representative Person who represents his or her district Randy Hultgren
Speaker of the house prosiding officer of the House of Repesentatives John Boehner
Bill If passed becomes law
Revenue Bills bill concerning money
Quorum the minimum number of members that must be present for official business to take place
Congressional record everything said is kept on record and put on a document. Shows votes made and who made them, or what was said and who said them
Impeach to formally accuse someone of a wrong doing or misuse of power.
The role House of Representatives in impeachment cases Has sole power to begin proceedings
The role of the Senate in impeachment cases holds the trial serving as the trial and acts as the trial jury
The role of the Vice President in impeachment cases Serves as a judge in impeachment trials
The role of the Supreme Court in impeachment cases Chef justice takes over if the president or vice presidents is on trial
Capitol Building Place where congress meets
Enumerated powers powers that are specifically listed in the Constitution
Concurrent powers Powers shared by the states and the federal government Collect taxes, and borrow money.
Reserved Powers Powers reserved for the states and the people
Implied powers are suggested powers needed to help carry out specifically listed powers in the constitution.
Elastic Powers They can pass any law t uphold or enforce their power
Treason When a person goes against their counrty
Habeas Corpus Produce the body in latin it means that if the prisoner has nothing to do with the crime has to be let go
Ex Post Facto Laws when you are punished for a crime that wasn't a crime when the crime was committed.
Bill of Attainder This convicts a person without a trial. (bypassing Due Process of Law)
Federalism division of power between the government and the states
Veto to reject
Pocket Veto if the president ignores the bill, 10 days has past congress and adjourned the bill dies
Override congress can pass bill with 2/3 vote even if the president doesn't sign
joint commitee where congress and house of representatives make a compromise
filibuster the senitor tries to delay the voting of a bill by continuously talking
Main duty of the executive branch enforce and administer our countries laws
Three qualifications to be president (Vice President) Must be at leased be 35 years old, You must be a natural born citizen of the U.S, and must live in the U.S for at leased 14 years.
Duties of the President.
Commander and chief of the united state military Makes all decisions regarding the army, navy, airforce, marines, and coast gaurd
Chief executive make sure employees are doing their jobs
Chief of the state represents the united states
Chief legislator can call a special session if necessary
Chief party head of the political party
Reprieve to delay
Pardon to forgive or excuse
Presidential term office 2 years
Oath of office takes the oath of office.(swearing to uphold the Constitution to the best of his ability)
Succession the number of persons coming after one another
Order of succession President Barack Obama, Joe Biden, John Boehner, Orrin Hatch, Members of the cabinet strting with the Secretary of state John Kerry
Votes needed to become president overall vote
Where does the electoral collage cast their votes their own state capitol building
popular vote where the most votes
# of votes each state receives number of representatives plus number of senators in a state
Electoral Vote the vote that chose the president
Main duty of the Judical branch to interpret laws and administer justice
Three types of federal court District, appellate, supreme court
Judges term FOR LIFE
Judges qualifications
Each states responsibility
District Court most federal system cases start here
Appellate Court Hear cases of appeal from the lower courts
Supreme Court Decide if laws are unconstitutional and legal
Original jurisdiction The power to hear legal cases or operate legally within certain boundries.
Appellate jurisdiction The power to review a cause that has already been heard in a lower court
Who appionts federal judges President and then the Senate votes on it
Unconstitutional law a law that goes against whaty is written in the Constitution
Writ of Certiori a formal request by lawyers to the Supreme Court to hear their case
Marbury v. Madison was the first instance which a law was passed by congress and was declared unconstitutional
McCulloch v. Maryland dealt specifically with the right of the right of congress to create a national bank of the United Sates.
Miranda v. Arizona confessed to a crime during police questioning without knowing he had a right to have an attorny present.
New Jersey v. T.L.O 14 year old girl was convicted of haveing posession of marijuana
Reasons for Checks and Balances to make sure the other courts are doing their jobs
Know who each house checks including electoral collage Executive = legislative Judicial = legislative Legislative = executive Judicial = executive
how A bill becomes a law first if it is a money bill it will start in the House of Representatives and is voted on, after it goes to the Senate where it is voted on, after it goes to the desk of the president, after then it gets vetoed and sent back to the house for a 2/3 vote to
Continued override the veto, after it goes to the senate for a 2/3 vote to override veto. and then the bill becomes a law
Created by: Tate Fisk