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Chapter 1

Civics The studies of rights and duties of citizens.
Citizenship Rights and duties of members of a state.
Citizens Community member who owes loyalty to the government and is entitled to protection from it.
Service Economy Where majority of people earn their living by providing a service rather than manufacturing a product.
Value The general principles or beliefs people use to make judgments and decisions.
Popular Sovereignty The notion that power lies with the people.
Institution Sets of ideas that people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions of society.
Naturalization A legal process to obtain citizenship.
Alien A non citizen.
Immigrant A person who moves permanently to a new country.
Deport To send an alien back to his or her country.
Government The ruling authority for a community.
Public Policy The course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem.
Budget A plan for making and spending money.
Democracy A government in which citizens hold the power to rule.
Direct Democracy A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand.
Representative Democracy A government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf.
Republic A representative democracy where citizens choose their lawmakers.
Monarchy A government with a hereditary, single leader.
Majority Rule Political principle providing that a majority of the members of a community has the power to make laws binding upon all the people.
Authoritarian A government in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power.
Totalitarian A system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of peoples lives.
Created by: ccalendine