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Activity 1G

World Religions

TermDefinition
Concept Map A diagram showing ideas, examples, and facts.
Religion A set of beliefs, customs, and practices.
Judaism The oldest organized religion still in practice today.
Monotheism The belief in one God.
Ten Commandments A set of simple laws that related to ethics and worship.
Christianity A religion that is based on the teachings of Jesus, a Jew born in Bethlehem.
Jesus Followers of Christianity believe he is the Son of God and that he sacrificed himself to save humankind for their sins.
Apostles Followers of Jesus that spread the Christian religion.
The "Golden Rule" Do unto others as you would have them do onto you.
Sermon on the Mount A collection of moral teachings delivered by Jesus on a mountainside.
Islam A religion that was founded by Mohammed.
Mohammed A religious, political and military leader who was born in 570 C.E.
Quran The sacred book of Islam.
Five Pillars of Faith The basic religious duties that each follower of Islam must fulfill in his or her lifetime.
Hinduism An unorganized religion that first emerged in India. It is largely based on the beliefs of the ancient Aryans.
Reincarnation Being reborn again.
Pilgrimage A religious journey.
Buddhism A religion that was established around 500 B.C.E. Beliefs include self-denial and meditation.
Siddhartha Gautama A prince that later became known as the, "Buddha."
Buddha "Enlightened One"
Four Noble Truths Summarizes the main ideas of Buddhism.
Abraham The founder of Judaism
Moses Received the Ten Commandments directly from God.
Torah The first five books in the Old Testament of the Bible. The sacred book of Judaism.
Exodus When the Hebrews left their enslavement in Egypt and returned to Israel.
Constantine The 4th Century Roman emperor that became a Christian and helped to spread Christianity.
Bible The sacred book of Christianity.
Muslim A follower of Islam.
Ramadan Muslims cannot eat or drink during daylight hours during the month of this sacred day.
Sanskrit The writing developed by the Aryans.
castes A social system where people are divided into classes.
Bhagavad-Gita Hindu text that contains the major beliefs of Hinduism.
Polytheist The belief in more than one God.
Karma Refers to a person's behavior in life.
Home or Temple Where Hindus worship.
Eightfold Path Right goals, right perspectives, be aware, act in a worthy manner, speak only the truth, live righteously, respect all living things, and meditate.
nirvana A state of eternal peace and happiness.
Sutras Books that contain the basic beliefs of Buddhists.
Created by: betsywellman