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exploration 16-30

TermDefinition
1. Astrolabe an astronomical instrument for taking the altitude of the sun or stars and for the solution of other problems in astronomy and navigation: used by Greek astronomers from about 200 b.c. and by Arab astronomers from the Middle Ages until superseded by the s
2. Sextant an astronomical instrument used to determine latitude and longitude at sea by measuring angular distances, especially the altitudes of sun, moon, and stars.
3. Lanteen Sails being or relating to a rig used especially on the north coast of Africa and characterized by a triangular sail extended by a long spar slung to a low mast
4. Prince Henry the Navigator an important figure in 15th-century Portuguese politics and in the early days of the Portuguese Empire. Through his administrative direction, he is regarded as the main initiator of what would be known as the Age of Discoveries.
5. Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, citizen of the Republic of Genoa. discovered the new world. explored for spain
6. Treaty of Tordesillas The lands to the east would belong to Portugal and the lands to the west to Spain. The treaty was signed by Spain (at the time, the unified Crowns of Castile and Aragon), 2 July 1494 and by Portugal, 5 September 1494.
7. Line of Demarcation the pope drew a line on the map to divide Spain and Portugal
8. Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies that resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth
9. Hernan Cortez who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century.
10. Francisco Pizarro Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire. Pizarro González was born in Trujillo, Spain, the illegitimate son of Gonzalo Pizarro, an infantry colonel, and Francisca González, a woman of poor means
11. Spain's Colonial Class System system of classes in spanish colonies
12. Encomienda a grant by the Spanish Crown to a colonist in America conferring the right to demand tribute and forced labor from the Indian inhabitants of an area.
13. Battle of Spanish Armada was a navel battle between spain and england, england won.
14. Triangular Slave Trade American History. a pattern of colonial commerce in which slaves were bought on the African Gold Coast with New England rum and then traded in the West Indies for sugar or molasses, which was brought back to New England to be manufactured into rum.
15. Middle Passage the part of the Atlantic Ocean between the west coast of Africa and the West Indies: the longest part of the journey formerly made by slave ships.
Created by: apinn64