Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

The Enlightenment

Social Studies OGT Vocabulary

TermDefinition
The Enlightenment a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition. It was heavily influenced by 17th-century philosophers such as Locke, and Newton, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Adam Smith.
Natural Rights Rights that people supposedly have under natural law.
Social Contract an implicit agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits, for example by sacrificing some individual freedom for state protection. Theorists who used this concept include Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau,
John Locke Natural Rights (also important to know -> his ideas of a natural right to ‘life, liberty, and property” influenced Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau his main contribution to the Enlightenment was his ideas about Social Contract theory
Consent of the Governed the authority of a government should depend on the consent of the people
Republic a state/country in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president instead of a monarch.
Montesquieu his main contribution to the Enlightenment was his idea of Checks and Balances
Direct Democracy a form of democracy in which the people all decide and vote on all policy initiatives
Representative Democracy a form of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Democracy a general system of government in which the whole population or all the eligible members of a state/country have a voice in government, typically through elected representatives.
Tabula Rasa an Enlightenment concept that means "a clean slate", which is an absence of preconceived ideas or predetermined goals
State of Nature a concept in moral and political philosophy that was often used by Enlightenment thinkers, that means the hypothetical conditions of what the lives of people might have been like before societies and governments came into existence.
Majority Rule the principle that the greater number should exercise greater power.
Liberty the power or scope to act as one pleases. It is basically another way to say “freedom”
Separation of Powers an act of giving the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Checks and Balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, in order to help make sure that no one individual or group becomes too powerful
Created by: annabelcoca
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards