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7-4.1--7-4.2 Review

Quick Overview of 7-4.1--7-4.2 (does NOT include all terms)

TermDefinition
Imperialism when a country takes over another country or people to gain access to its (their) natural resources and trade; one of the main causes of WWI
Nicholas II Incompetent last Czar (ruler) of Russia; lost WWI, defeated by the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War, was murdered along with all his family in 1918
Bolshevik Revolution 1917 Revolution which overthrew the Czar, took Russia out of WWI, made Russia communist, and established the Soviet Union
Militarism when a country’s military influences policy, often leading to aggressive foreign policy; one of the main causes of WWI
Zimmerman Telegram in 1917, when the Germans promised Mexico it would get Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona back if they were on Germany’s side in the war; this angered many Americans
Fourteen Points President Wilson’s plan to end WWI with peace without victory; Germany wanted this
Nationalism the desire for a people to have self-rule; the belief that one’s country is better than others; the driving force or most important of the causes of WWI
Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, his assassination in 1914 set off the chain of events that would lead to World War I
Wilhelm II German Emperor (ruler) before and during World War I; he abdicated (gave up power) at the end of the war
Treaty of Versailles Treaty ending WWI, blamed Germany for starting the war, greatly angering Germany
League of Nations international body designed to enforce the Versailles Treaty and keep the peace; it failed
Trench Warfare extremely deadly, horrible, and nasty form of war where two armies are stuck in trenches close to each other for long periods of time; it led to huge casualty rates on the Western Front during WWI
M.A.I.N. acronym for the most important (main) causes of World War I; Militarism, secret Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism
Secret Alliances secret agreements between countries that ended up getting almost all of Europe involved in WWI; one of the main causes of WWI
Ottoman Empire Empire headed by Muslim, Ottoman Turks, centered in Turkey with holdings in the Balkans, the Middle East, and North Africa; it fought on Germany's side during WWI, lost, and was broken up after the war
Allied Powers During WWI, this refers to Great Britain, France, Italy, the United States, Russia (until it quit the war) and Japan
the Rhineland area between Germany and France with lots of German industry; it was temporarily occupied by France after WWI, angering the German people
Alsace-Lorraine region which France and Germany both claimed and fought over; France took it back after WWI
Central Powers During WWI, this refers to Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria
Created by: oburnette
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