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7-1.1--7-1.3 Review

Quick Overview of 7-1.1--7-1.3 (does NOT include all terms)

TermDefinition
Sugar Staple crop grown by the British, French, and Spanish in the Caribbean, and the Portuguese in Brazil; it made a huge amount of money for colonial powers
Latitude lines on a map which goes east-west and which tell distance north or south of the equator
Feudalism under this system, which was in place in Europe before the 1600s, nobles with self-sufficient manors shaped the economy and controlled resources
Spain large European nation on the Iberian peninsula; explored and colonized western North America, Central America, western South America, and the Caribbean
Portugual small European nation on the Iberian peninsula; explored and colonized Brazil, parts of southern Africa, and India
England Northwest European island nation, explored and colonized northern North America and its Eastern seaboard
The Netherlands small Northwest European nation, explored and colonized the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) and New Netherlands (what later became New York state)
France large Northwest European nation, explored and colonized what became central Canada and the American Midwest
Treaty of Tordesilla 1494 agreement, backed by the Catholic Pope Alexander VI, which gave Africa to Portugal to explore and colonize, and gave most of the Americas to Spain
Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas for Spain in 1492
Ferdinand Magellan led an expedition which was the first to circumnavigate (go all the way around) the Earth
Bartolomeu Dias discovered India for Portugal
John Cabot discovered parts of North America for England
Hernan Cortes discovered Mexico (MesoAmerica) for Spain
Francisco Pizzaro discovered South America for Spain
Vasco de Gama discovered India for Portugal
Capitalism a type of economy in which the means of production (land, factories, and natural resources) are privately owned and operated for profit in a competitive market
Mercantilism The theory that a nation became richer and more powerful by regulating trade so that it had a favorable balance of trade (having more valuable exports than imports) so it could build up its supplies of bullion (gold and silver)
Caravel a popular ship used for exploring in the 15th and early 16th centuries, especially by the Portuguese; it was easy to maneuver, could sail up rivers, and had triangular sails so it could sail into the wind
Astrolabe an instrument used by sailors to measure the height of a star, the moon, or the sun above the horizon so they could determine latitude
Compass a magnetic north seeking instrument which allows ships to steer a selected course and fix a ship’s position on a chart
Longitude lines on a map which go north-south and are used to tell distance east-west of the prime meridian
Mercator Projection A mathematical method of showing a map of the spherical (round) Earth on a flat surface
Tobacco a staple crop grown primarily in colonial Virginia and Maryland
Furs trapped by French, Dutch (from the Netherlands), and Russians as part of their trading post empires in North America
Columbian Exchange the movement of goods, people, ideas, and diseases back and forth across the Atlantic Ocean
Triangular Trade the trade involving the shipment of manufactured goods from Europe to Africa, the shipment of slaves from Africa to the Americas, and the shipment of staple goods or crops and rum from the Americas to Europe.
Fish and Furs What France's trading post empire in North America was based on
Created by: oburnette
 

 



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