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AC-Final Exam Terms

Am. Cultures - Final Exam Terms

Imperialism Policy of a stronger nation attempting to create an empire by dominating weaker countries - economically, politically, culturally or militarily
Spheres of Influence Area of economic and political control exerted by one country over another
Yellow Journalism Media coverage of an event that uses wild exaggerations
Dollar Diplomacy A foreign policy created by U.S. President William Taft aimed at encouraging the investment of U.S. capital in foreign economies
Nationalism Pride, loyalty, and devotion to one's country
Muckraker Journalist who uncovers wrongdoing in politics or business
Progressives Reformers, including Republicans, Democrats, and members of other political parties, who shared the common beliefs that Government should: be more accountable to its citizens, curb the power/influence of wealthy interests, & be more efficient/less corrupt
Direct Primary Election in which all citizens, not party leaders, select candidates for state and local offices in upcoming elections
Socialism Economic and political philosophy favoring public or government control of property and income
16th Amendment Authorized Congress to collect federal income taxes (it enabled the government to get more revenues from people with higher incomes)
17th Amendment Allowed direct election of senators
18th Amendment Prohibited the production, sale, or import of liquor
19th Amendment Granted women full suffrage (right to vote)
Rationing Distributing goods to consumers in a fixed amount
Versailles Treaty A treaty signed by Germans at Versailles (the former home of French kings) outside of Paris on the 11th hour of the 11th day of November 1919, which put an end to WWI
Nativism The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants
Laissez faire Policy dictating a minimum of governmental interference in the economic affairs of individuals and society - government should leave business alone and allow it to grow
Communism Official ideology of the Soviet Union, characterized by complete government ownership of land and property, single-party control of the government, the lack of individual rights, and the call for worldwide revolution
Red Scare Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas
Social Security System established by the 1935 Social Security Act to provide financial security, in the form of regular payments, to retired individuals as well as money for those with disabilities
SEC Securities and Exchange Commission was set up to regulate the stock market
FDIC Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insures bank deposits up to $5,000
NRA National Recovery Administration (formerly known as National Industrial Recovery Act - NIRA) worked with industries to establish codes outlining fair business and labor practices
TVA Federal project to provide inexpensive electric power, flood control, and recreational opportunities to the Tennessee River valley
Fascism Political philosophy that emphasizes the importance of the nation or an ethnic group, and the supreme authority of the leader over that of the individual
Non-Aggression PAct An agreement signed between Hitler and Stalin, which guaranteed that Germany and Soviet Union would not attack each other for 10 years. This pact protected Germany from having to fight a two-front war in the soon-to-begin World War II
Open-Door Policy A foreign affairs policy set by Secretary of State John Hay in 1899 that favored open trade relations between China and other countries
Woodrow Wilson U.S. President from 1913-1921 (during WWI)
William McKinley U.S. President from 1897–1901 (during the Spanish-American War, but was then assassinated)
William Taft U.S. President from 1909-1913; he tried using Dollar Diplomacy to influence other countries; a split in his party caused him a victory in the Election of 1912
Calvin Coolidge U.S. President from 1923-1929 who believed that the “chief business of the American people is business.”
Warren Harding U.S. President from 1921-1923 whose corruption scandals, like Teapot Dome, shed a negative view on his Presidency
Herbert Hoover U.S. President from 1929-1933 (at the time of the great stock market crash); he had a laissez faire approach to resolving the Depression and felt that the key to recovery was self-confidence
Franklin D. Roosevelt U.S. President from 1933-1945; he restored confidence to America after the Great Depression by offering his New Deal
Glass-Steagall Banking Act of 1933 Established a Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to insure bank deposits up to $5,000
Neville Chamberlain British Prime Minister who tried to make deals with Hitler to try and keep peace
Winston Churchill British Prime Minister who worked closely with the U.S. in developing a World War II strategy
Created by: tmgilbert