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Constitution

TermDefinition
Preamble introduction to the Constitution
federalism principle of government that says that power is shared/divided between the federal government and state government
delegated powers powers that belong to the federal government (ex. coining money)
reserved powers powers that belong to the state governments (ex. marriage licenses)
concurrent powers powers that the state and federal government share (ex. enforcing laws)
separation of powers principle of government that separate the federal government's power between three branches of government (executive branch, legislative branch, judicial branch); each branch has its own power so that no one branch becomes too powerful
executive branch President and Vice President; enforces the laws
legislative branch Congress; makes the laws
judicial branch Supreme Court; judges the laws
checks and balances principle of government that says each branch has a power over the another branch so that no one branch has too much power (ex. the President (executive branch) can veto laws (legislative branch))
popular sovereignty principle of government that says the power comes from the people
republicanism principle of government that says the people elect representatives in government
limited government principle of government that says even the government has to follow the law; the government has limited power
individual rights principle that says the people are guaranteed certain rights
Article I Legislative Branch
Article II Executive Branch
Article III Judicial Branch
Constitution the written plan of government for the United States
Congress the legislative branch; bicameral system (House of Representatives and Senate); makes the laws
bicameral two house system
House of Representatives house of Congress where representation is based on population
Senate house of Congress where representation is based on equal representation (two per state)
quorum minimum number of members that must be present in each house before a vote can take place
bill a proposed law
How a Bill Becomes a Law 1. bill is proposed 2. Bill is voted on by House and Senate 3. President can veto a bill or pass it 4. If President vetoes, Congress can override by 2/3 vote
impeachment bring charges against government official for wrong doing
elastic clause Congress can make laws "necessary and proper"; gives Congress more power
presidential succession the list of people in line for the presidency if the President can no longer perform duties
Chief Executive President sees that all laws and programs are put in place
Commander in Chief President controls the action of the military
Head of State President is a symbol for the country; performs ceremonial duties
Director of Foreign Policy President determines policies towards other nations; creates treaties
Head of Political Party President is leader of his/her political party
Guardian of the Economy President keeps the economy running smoothly
Legislative Leader President proposes laws, passes laws, and vetoes bills
Electoral College group of electors that vote for the President/Vice President
electors Senators and Representatives
Marbury vs. Madison Supreme Court Case that established judicial review
judicial review the judicial branch has the power to review laws and determine their constitutionality (are the legal or not?)
Supreme Court the judicial branch of the U.S. federal government; there are 9 Supreme Court justices (judges)
Article IV relationships among states; each state will give the same rights to their citizens as other states
Article V amending the Constitution; the Constitution can be changed through the amendment process
amendment a change
Article VI national supremacy; the Constitution is the"supreme law of the land"
Article VII ratification
Bill of Rights the first ten amendments to the Constitution; added by the anti-federalists to guarantee individual rights
Created by: Mrs.Rizzo