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Early Government

TermDefinition
Declaration of Independence document stating America's independence from Britain; established America as a country
Articles of Confederation first written Constitution of the United States; gave all the power to the state governments; had a very weak federal government
Federalists those who were in favor of ratifying the Constitution; favored a strong central/federal government
Anti-Federalists those who were against ratifying the Constitution; favored a weaker central/federal government; wanted a Bill of Rights added to guarantee rights for the people
government a system by which a country is ruled
purposes of government 1. unite the people 2. protect us from foreign threats 3. protect us and our property from crime 4. promote the general welfare 5. provide a fair legal system 6. protect basic rights
responsibilities of citizens 1. vote 2. be educated and informed 3. pay taxes 4. obey the law 5. respect the rights of others 6. sit on a jury 7. help country in time of war
Shay's Rebellion rebellion against the government that sparked the idea of changing the Articles of Confederation; the government could not stop the uprising because there was no military power
Constitutional Convention meeting that was held to revise the Articles of Confederation
New Jersey Plan answered the question: how will the people be represented in Congress?; proposed one house where each state would have one vote (equal representation); plan favored smaller states
Virginia Plan answered the question: how will the people be represented in Congress?; proposed two houses where representation would be determined by population; favored larger states
The Great Compromise blended the NJ Plan and Virginia Plan; created a two house legislature; one house would have equal representation (two votes per state; Senate); one house would have representation based on population (House of Representatives)
The 3/5ths Compromise decided how slaves would be represented in Congress; four out of five slaves would count towards population count
census taken every 10 years; count of population for purposes of representation in Congress
ratify to pass
Created by: Mrs.Rizzo