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US His Final Dangel

US His Final Sem 1

Cartel Associations of producers that coordinate prices and production
Suffrage The right to vote
Pendleton Act Created a civil service system for the federal government in an attempt to hire employees on a merit system rather than on a spoils system
Henry Bessemer Developed an inexpensive way to change iron ore into steel
Spoils System Practice in which the political party winning an election rewards its campaign workers and other active supporters by appointment to government posts and by other favours
Vertical Consolidation Several steps in the production and/or distribution of a product or service are controlled by a single company or entity, in order to increase that company’s power in the marketplace
Angel Island Port of entry in San Francisco Bay, California where immigrants enter the US from Asia
Monopoly Complete control over an industry by one person or company
Guilded Age Nickname given to the late nineteenth century implying that under the glittery gilded surface of prosperity lurked troubling issues, including poverty, unemployment, and corruption
Trust Combination of corporations or firms bound by a legal agreement, especially to reduce competition
Jim Crow Laws passed in the southern states that separated blacks and whites
John D. Rockefeller Formed the Standard Oil Company - used Horizontal Consolidation
Andrew Carnegie Steel king - used Vertical Consolidation
JP Morgan American financier, banker, philanthropist and art collector who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation, created Federal Steel Company, and merged it in 1901 with the Carnegie Steel Company and several other steel and iron businesses
Ellis Island Island in New York Harbor that served as an immigration station for millions of immigrants arriving to the US
Promontory Point Utah Where the final spike was driven to join the transcontinental railroad coming from the east to the transcontinental railroad coming from the west
Horizontal Consolidation A strategy to increase your market share by taking over a similar company
Meat Inspection Act Law that allowed the federal government to inspect meat sold across state lines and required federal inspection of meat processing plants
Federal Reserve Act Placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board, which runs regional banks that hold the reserve funds from commercial banks, sets interest rates and supervises commercial banks
National Reclamation Act Gave the federal government the power todecide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects
Pure Food and Drug Act Allowed federal inspection of food and medicine and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and mislabeling of food and drugs
W.E.B. DeBoise Urged African Americans to demand immediately all the rights guaranteed by the Constitution
Recall Process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end
17th Amendment Changed the was Senators were chose. Senators are now elected by the population of each state
Progressivism Movement that emerged in response to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization that promoted reforms to bring about social justice
Direct Primary Election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
19th Amendment Gave women the right to vote
Jacob Riis Muckraker photographer for the "New York Evening Sun"between 1890 and 1903 he published several works, including "How the Other Half Lives" that shocked the nation and lead to reforms
Upton Sinclair Wrote "The Jungle" exposing the horrors of the meat packing industry
Jane Adams Opened Hull House, a settlement house in Chicago that provided community services to the urban poor
Initiative Process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot
18th Amendment Prohibition
NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
16th Amendment Income Tax, at 16 years of age a person who is employed must pay income tax on monies they earn
Referendum Process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by a legislature
Booker T. Washington Believed that African Americans had to achieve economic independence by working hard and wait patiently gradually winning White Americans respect and the same rights as White Americans
Moral Diplomacy Woodrow Wilson's statement that the US would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights
Manchuria Established as a Japanese puppet state in 1931 which allowing Japan to control its natural resources and use them to support the war effort
Panama Canal Human made waterway linking the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean across the isthmus of Panama
William Seward Secretary of State that bought Alaska from Russia for $7.2million, People wondered why the US wanted to buy a vast frozen tundra of snow and ice. It was called Seward's Folly and Seward's Icebox
Stanford Dole American planter that helped overthrow Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani and established a new government in Hawaii
Sphere of Influence A region dominated and controlled by an outside power
Imperialism Political, military and economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories
Dollar Diplomacy Pres. Taft's policy of expanding American investments abroad
Yellow Journalism Printing newspapers with sensational headlines and pictures based on little or no facts to boost newspaper sales
Big Stick Diplomacy Roosevelt's policy of creating and using, when necessary, a strong military to achieve America's goals
Queen Liliukalani Last ruling monarch of Hawaii
Interventionists People who believed that US should play an active role in world affairs and work toward achieving a just peace but not enter the war
Fourteen Points List of terms for resolving World War I and future wars outlined by American Pres. Woodrow Wilson
Conscientious Objector Person who refuses to fight in a war due to moral or religious beliefs
War Industry Board Regulated all industries related to the war effort, this board determined what products industries would make, where they went and how much they cost
Reservationists Group of Senators, led by Henry Cabot Lodge, who opposed the Treaty of Versailles, to end World War I, unless specific changes were included
A. Mitchell Palmer Leading law enforcement official, lead raids know as Palmer Raids, arresting thousand of radicals and innocent people, and deported thousands of radicals
Herbert Hoover Head of the Food Administration, he set prices high for wheat and other foodstuffs to encourage farmers to increase production
George Creel Former journalist appointed as the director of the Committee on Public Information, used his background in advertising to "sell America"to earn wide spread support for the war effort
Bernard Baruch Influential Wall Street investment broker appointed Head of the War Industries Board
April 6, 1917 United States declared war on the German Empire and official entered WWI
Francis Ferdinand Archduke of Austria whose assassination sparked the beginning of WWI
John J. Pershing Commander of American forces in Europe during WWI
League of Nations World organization established after World War I to promote peaceful cooperation between countries
Isolationists Belief that one's country should be separated from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements,
Selective Service Act Act passed by Congress in May 1917 authorizing a draft of young men for military service
Irreconcilables Isolationist Senators who opposed any treaty ending World War I that had a League of Nations folded into it
Internationalists The United States should play an active role in world affairs and work toward achieving a just peace but not enter the war
Nov. 11, 1917 Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin, takes over Russia, remaining it the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Charles Lindbergh Lucky Lindy, First man to fly nonstop over the Atlantic Ocean by himself in a plane named the Spirit of St. Louis from Long Island, New York to Paris, France
Buying on Margin Buying a stock by putting down a down payment and borrowing the rest of the money from a stock broker
Volstead Act Law enacted by Congress to enforce the 18th Amendment (Prohibition)
Installment Buying Method of purchasing in which a buyer makes a small down payment, and then pays off the rest of the debt in regular monthly payments
Flappers Young women from the 1920's who defied traditional rules of conduct and dress
Speakeasies Illegal bar
Assembly line Arrangement of equipment and workers in which work passes from operation to operation in direct line until the product is assembled
Bootleggers One who sells illegal alcohol
Al Capone America's best known gangster and the single greatest symbol of the collapse of law and order in the United States during the 1920s
Henry Ford Used assembly line to mass produce the Model "T" allowing him to keep prices down so many American could afford to own an automobile
Speculation Practice of making high risk investments in hopes of obtaining large profits
Oct. 29, 1929 Black Thursday, the day investors starting pulling investment out of the stock market causing it to crash
Business Cycle Periodic growth and contraction of the economy
Localism Policy relied on by Pres Hoover in the early years of the Great Depression whereby local and state governments act as primary agents of economic relief
Hoover Dam Dam on the Colorado River, originally called Boulder Dam, that was built during the Great Depression
Fireside Chats Informal presidential speeches used by Franklin D. Roosevelt and delivered to the American people over the radio to explain measures he had taken to improve the economy in the United States
Social Security Act Created pension system for retirees, established unemployment insurance for workers who lost their jobs, created insurance for victims of work related accidents, provided aid for poverty stricken mother and children, the blind and disabled
Public Works Administration New Deal agency that provided millions of jobs constructing public buildings
Tennessee Valley Authority Government agency that built dams in the Tennessee River Valley to control flooding and generate electric power
Totalitarianism A government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people
Joseph Stalin Communist leader of Russia during WWI
Benito Mussolini Fascist leader of Italy
Adolf Hitler Nazi leader of Germany
Appeasement Granting concessions in order to keep peace
Hideki Tojo Japanese Prime Minister of Japan
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain
Franklin D. Roosevelt Pres. of United States
Lend Lease Act Allowed Pres. Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the United States
Pearl Harbor American military base in Hawaii attacked by the Japanese on Dec. 7, 1941
Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese bomb US fleet docked in Pearl Harbor. Hawaii
Dec. 8, 1941 The United States declares war on Japan
James Doolittle Lead a US air attack on Tokyo, Japan in retaliation to the bombing of Pearl Harbor
Dunkirk The location of the largest evacuation of French, Belgian and English troop; 338,000 soldiers were evacuated on 38 British destroyers and various other boats to England over a period of 9 days
Sensational headlines Using exaggerated stories and titles to increase the readership of a newspaper or magazine
Created by: sudokken
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