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11-APUSH 1866-1905

What were the two constitutional dilemmas, and what made them such a problem? 1. What criteria would the Confed States be allowed to reenter the union 2. what would be the social and political status of the freedman
For what reason did the two constitutional dilemmas “fall to the bottom of the priority list” once Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation? 1. Lincoln thought he was losing war so #1 priority was to win the war 2. major political factionalism
Who were the Copperheads, and what problem did they represent for Lincoln? Peace Democrats in Congress
Why were the Radical (pro-abolition) Republicans incensed at the Emancipation Proclamation? it didn't free slaves
Know the four means by which Radical Republicans sought to attain total and complete emancipation 1. Enlist freed slaves and irish in army 2. deprive cotton farmers of their free labor 3. sought to stop Lincolns plans for colonization of freedmen 4. get power in Congress bc 3/5 compromise over
What did the Radical Republican strategy of black enlistment and the Contract Labor system have in common? decreased the # of white deaths so north was happy
What was the Radical opinion of Lincoln’s colonization plans? didnt like them
What type of reconstruction process did Lincoln desire? peaceful and non-punitive
10. Regarding his reconstruction plans, for what reason is Lincoln characterized as Hamiltonian? wanted domestic peace and harmony by colonizing the slaves, implement the American system, and bring industry to the south
Much of Lincoln’s Hamiltonian schemes mirrored that of the Radical Republicans in Congress; what issue formed the difference between the two? Radicals wanted complete power
What type of reconstruction process did the Congressional Radical Republicans desire? punitive
What type of reconstruction process did the Congressional Radical Republicans desire? 1.State rejoin the Union when 10% of its pre war voters took an oath to the US Constitution 2.they would receive presidential pardon 3.No confed. officer of official eligible for this pardon 4.pardoned had to swear to abide by the emancipation laws
In his own words, how did Lincoln consider the post-war relationship between the defeated Confederate states and the Union? the south never left the union; they were out of their proper and practical relation w/ N.
What was Freedman's Bureau original intention? address the growing number of contraband slaves in the union camps-provide clothing, shelter, and other basics of survival
Into what did Freedmen's eventually evolve? potential life blood for emancipated slaves after the war- provided medical care, est. schools, negotiate labor contracts
What three issues crippled the Freedman’s Bureau? S. resistance, lack of Congress support, lack of funding, failure to grasp depth and intensity of racial prejudice
What three former Confederate states applied for readmission under the 10% Plan? Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennesse
What was the potential roadblock for their complete readmission? the president cant do anything unless congress allows it
Upon which constitutional interpretation did each faction rely? Lincoln- loose; Radicals- one sec loose then one sec strict
What was the Radical’s paradoxical stance with regard to Lincoln’s use of this interpretation? the power only applied to persons acting in individual acts against the gov. and not part of a conspiracy like the confed
What was the Radical response to the readmission application of the afore-mentioned former Confederate states? refused to recognize them as states or count their votes in the 1864 election
5 provisions of congressional reconstruction (Wade-Davis Bill) 1. maj. white citizens declare allegiance to US 2. state submit a state const. only w/ congress approval 3. who said "ironclad oath" (stayed loyal) could vote or state const. conventions 4. state const. abolish slavery 5. state repudiate wartime debts
What aspects of the Wade-Davis Bill guaranteed that, if the Bill was adopted as law, southern states would most likely be subject to military occupation? confed. money basically worthless so couldnt pay off debt. & a maj. of state would not take oath
Created by: nancyrussell