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STAAR AH Set 7-8

TermDefinition
popular sovereignty the concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government
Patrick Henry member of the Continental Congress who said, "Give me liberty, or give me death".
John C. Calhoun A leading supporter of states' rights movement of the Southern U.S.; supported slavery; believed a state had the right to secede from the Union
secondary sources descriptions of interpretations prepared by people who were not involved in the events described.
protective tariff a tax on an imported product instituted to protect local industries.
primary sources evidence produced by someone who participated in an event or lived during the time being studied.
Removal and Settlement of Native Americans land was important to the United States during the 1800s. Native Americans occupied a large portion of this land. It was government policy to force them off their land and resettle them somewhere else.
Reconstruction post Civil War period 1865-1877, armed occupation of the Southern states; forced adherence to Federal authority. Also a time of rebuilding the South, since its economy had been destroyed during the war.
reform movements efforts to reform society, or change it for the better, such as the temperance, abolition, and suffrage movements.
Radical Reconstruction Congress United States Congress took a radical, extreme position against the Southern States after the Civil War. Pushed a more radical agenda on them than President Lincoln had wanted.
doctrine a rule, theory, or principle of law. In government, it is used to describe a nation's policy towards another nation. Example: The Monroe Doctrine
Jefferson Davis states' rights activist - became the first and only president of the Confederate States of America.
King George III King of England in 1760; very strong monarch; very repressive against the colonists; lost the Revolutionary War; could never get over this loss; later in life he suffered from mental illness.
Slave Trade 1490s-1790s. The sale and transportation of people from Africa all over the Americas. All American states outlawed this in the late 1700s. Sometimes called the Transatlantic Slave Trade, Atlantic Slave Trade, and the Triangular Slave Trade.
Washington's Farewell Address In 1796 George Washington decided not to pursue a 3rd term as president. In his address he spoke about the dangers of getting involved in European affairs and the threat of rising political parties. He also spoke about sectionalism.
Benjamin Franklin Fouding father, inventor, great thinker, politician; Helped write and pass the Declaration of Independence; Helped get French support for the Revolutionary War.
Tariff Policies (Taxes) Governments raise operating funds by charging a tax on imported goods. These taxes place foreign merchants at a disadvantage by making their goods more expensive.
Henry Clay Known as the "Great Compromiser" when dealing with slavery issues between the North and South. He helped pass the Missouri Compromise, which let Missouri become a slave state and Maine a non-slave state preserving the balance between both groups.
U.S. Constitution Document that established the current government of the U.S. Written in 1787, ratified in 1791, it dramatically changed the course of human history.
War of 1812 Sometimes called the Second War of Independence; a dispute where Great Britain invaded the U.S., burned the White House; U.S. almost lost.
Created by: sasmith3