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Nullification to the Age of Reform Quiz

Alien and Sedition Acts acts passed by Federalist Congress to raise residency requirements for citizenship to 14yrs old & granted prez power to deport any dangerous foreigners; law made for anyone convicted of defaming gov policies liable to imprisonment and fine
Who was president during the time of the Alien Sedition Acts? John Adams
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions Reaction to alien sedition act; drafted by Jefferson & Madison saying that the states have the final say if the fed gov overstepped its boundaries & and could nullify national legislation they deemed unconstitutional
First National Bank Hamilton wanted National Bank-20 year term (expired in 1811)-Privately owned (US Federal Government = major shareholder-20% = Federal Government-80% = Private Shareholders-US Treasury- deposit excess monies(used to provide credit)-National improvements
Alexander Hamilton's Policies i. Funding State’s Debts by the US Federal Government ii. Establishment of a national bank iii. Federal Tariffs iv. Friendly trade relations with England
Oppositions to Hamilton Policies and National Bank Answerable to shareholders, not to the electorate-Democratic-Republican Party- Opposition to Hamilton’s policies-Different party in charge of the bank then if they don’t play fair one Party has too much power-South Oppose national bank - North likes it
Democratic Republicans opposed to Hamilton's policies; Republicans name it called itself at time; Historians Jeffersonian republicans aka democratic republican; Second political party in US; Lots came out of faction opposed to the US Const.
National Banks Hamilton wanted to establish a national Bank; Andrew Jackson opposed to 2nd National Bank;Vetoed the Bank re charter bill 1832;Bank charter expired in 1836; Opposition claimed over reach of executive power
Strict Interpretation of Constitution I. Strict Interpretation i. Jefferson: powers not granted to the fed gov retained by the states ii. Therefore only the states had the right to charter banks
Loose Interpretation of Constitution I. Loose interpretation i. What the constitution did not forbid it permitted ii. Necessary and proper clause (implied powers) iii. Fed gov - collected taxes and regulate trade iv. Therefore a national bank was necessary and proper
Necessary and Proper Clause I. Necessary and proper clause (implied powers) i. Congress has the ability to pass laws to fulfill its responsibilities ii. Fed gov - collected taxes and regulate trade iii. Therefore a national bank was necessary and proper
Andrew Jackson and the Second National Bank a. Andrew Jackson democrat i. Hero of war of 1812 ii. 7 US pres. 1829 -1837 iii. Supported states' rights and hard money iv. Opposed second bank of the US
Whigs Party a. Embraced many of the federalist parties b. Formed in the opposition to policies of Pres. Andrew Jackson c. Jacksonion democrats d. Supported the supremacy of Congress over the presidency e. Favored a modernization and economic protectionism
Judicial Review the power of judiciary branch to declare laws unconstitutional or constitutional
Judiciary Act of 1789 organized the federal legal system, establishing the Supreme Court, federal district and circuit courts,and the office of the attorney general *parts of this act were unconstitutional therefore judiciary review was taken place*
Slavery and the Constitution (Article 1 Section 2 para 3) a. Direct reference to slavery b. In reference to proportional representation (House of Reps)
Slavery and the Constitution (A1 S9 P1) a. Congressional control of the slave trade b. Postpones until 1808 *Attempts to limit expansion of slavery seen as attempts to limit power Southern States in the Fed Gov.*
Thomas Paine a. Beliefs in deism b. Rationalism c. Part French Revolution d. Publish Age of Reason e. Writes against the church
Rationalism to be in reason to come to an ultimate truth
French Revolution and Rationalism Thomas Paine was part of French Revolution and Thomas paine was a rationalist from the 2nd great awakening which the French revolution propelled the idea of rationalism in America from the French Revolution
Anti-Clericalism a. Age of reason 1794 Thomas Paine regarding churches b. "… terrorize and enslave mankind and monopolize power and profit Deism - people that believe in God but not believed in religion (not in organized religion)
Deism people that believe in God but not believed in religion (not in organized religion)-Latin word deus mean god-Rejection of revelation as source of authority- use of reason and observation of the national world - superstition and a distraction from God
Unitarianism a. God in ONE person b. Not trinity c. Natural goodness of pple d. Puritan man's natural wickedness e. Salvation through good works f. Stressed optimism and reason
Second Great Awakening Reaction to rationalism-Challenge to religion -- rationalist of French Revolution-More philosophical-Many converted-New spiritual fervor-Boosted Church membership-Boosted humanitarian reforms-numerous social reform movements Enhanced role of woman reform
Enhanced Position of Woman in American Society in the 19th century woman joined reform movements-woman most prominent in revivals of the second great awakening that they bring their husbands and sons to revivals as well-influences movements big part of religious area and becoming a big part of Society
Temperance Movement Drunkenness fouled the sanctity of the family, Threatened spiritual welfare, Threatened physical safety of woman and children - gin
American Temperance Society Conservationist - people who will resist the wiles of alcohol, Moderates - stressed the concept of temperance rather than the total elimination of intoxicants, Radicals - believed temptation should be removed by legislators
Reforms is the 19th Century i. Prison Reform ii. Woman's Rights Movement iii. Crusade to abolish slavery iv. Temperance Cause v. Health care
Woman's Right Convention in Seneca Falls (1848) i. Launches woman's rights movement ii. Gathering of feminist activists in Seneca Falls NY where Elizabeth Cady Stanton read her "Declaration of Sentiments" stating that "…all men and woman are created equal…"
Woman's Rights fighting for temperance and the abolishment of slavery;Woman touched by evangel spirit; Elizabeth Cady Stanton left out the word "obey" her marriage ceremony advocating woman's suffrage;Susan B Anthony fearless, conspicuous advocate for woman's rights
Federalists i. Formed in support of policies fostered by Alexander Hamilton ii. Dissolved soon after the War of 1812 iii. federalism, strong central gov., wanted Constitution
Marbury vs Madison Court ruled against ordering Madison to give a commission to Marbury because would be unconstitutional to overrule another branch of gov so chief justice Marshall ordered case to lower courts
Created by: snossenkopp