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7-2.1 Burnette

European limited and unlimited governments in the 1600s and 1700s

limited government a government whose power and authority is limited, typically by the people; the people keep their rights
unlimited government a government whose power and authority have few or no limits (it can do whatever it wants); the people have few rights and must obey the government
authoritarian when the people have to completely obey a government
tyrannical a government which is very cruel, harsh, and / or arbitrary (does whatever it wants)
absolute monarchies monarchies with no limits to their powers
"divine right" when monarchs believed that they ruled because God thought they should; to disobey them was to disobey God
absolutist a system in which the government has absolute or unlimited power over the people
monarch a king, queen, or emperor who has power because they inherited it from their parents or other relatives
King John English king who signed the Magna Carta in 1215, which established a limited government in England
Magna Carta a charter or contract which King John signed in 1215; it limited the power of the King, made him respect the rights of the people, and said the King was not above the law
Unwritten Constitution a constitution (agreement between the people and the government) that is not written down in one place or one document, or not written down at all
Bill of Rights a list of the rights or privileges the people have and which the government must respect
Constitutionalism a government run in accordance with the rule of law; a government run according to a constitution, an agreement between the people and the government which defines the rights of the people and the powers of the government
Constitutional Monarchies when a king or queen agrees to rule according to the laws in a constitution and to respect the rights of the people
Rule of law the idea that both the people and the government must do what the law says, and that the laws will be fairly and evenly enforced and applied
Democracy a government in which people use the vote to retain power and control over who governs and how their government works
Separation of Powers splitting up the legislative, executive, and judicial powers to several government bodies instead of having one person or body have them
Legislative Branch the branch of government which makes the laws, such as Congress or the Parliament
Executive Branch the branch of the government which enforces and carries out the laws, such as a President or Prime Minister
Judicial Branch the branch of the government which is the court system and which interprets what the laws mean
Created by: oburnette
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