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History Chapter 13

Industrial Revolution - Important Names

QuestionAnswer
• 1848 – 1872 • American painter and writer. • Contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraph Samuel Morse
• 1819 – 1880 • Struck oil in Pennsylvania in 1859. Edwin L. Drake
• 1847 – 1931 • Inventor from New Jersey who experimented with electric light. • First central power station. Thomas A. Edison
• 1846 – 1914 • Experimented with a form of electricity called alternating current. o Which was less expensive and more practical than direct current (which Edison has used.) George Westinghouse
• 1847 – 1922 • Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator. • Credited with inventing the first practical telephone Alexander Graham Bell
• On May 10, 1869 the transcontinental railroad (coast to coast) was finished by the hammering of a golden spike at __________ _____, ____ Promontory Point, Utah
• 1824 – 1893 • American industrialist, politician and founder of Stanford University. • One of the big four who built California’s Central Pacific Railroad. • Senator in California. Leland Stanford
• 1813 – 1898 • English engineer, inventor, and businessman. • Known in connection with the Bessemer process. o Manufacturing of steel. Henry Bessemer
• 1806 – 1869 • German-born • American civil engineer (Steel = stronger when twisted) • Famous for wire rope suspension bridge o In particular, the Brooklyn Bridge John A. Roebling
• 1835 – 1919 • Scottish American industrialist • Led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century Andrew Carnegie
• 1794 – 1877 • Made money by railroads and shipping • American industrialist Cornelius Vanderbilt
• 1839 – 1937 • Co-founder of the Standard Oil Company o Which dominated the oil industry and was the first great United States business trust • Arguably the wealthiest man of his time John D. Rockefeller
• 1856 – 1915 • Mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency • One of the first management consultants Frederick Winslow Taylor
• 1818 – 1883 • German philosopher, economist, sociologist • Work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labor and its relation to capital, and subsequent economic thought Karl Marx
• 1850 – 1924 • English born American cigar maker who became a Georgist labor union leader and a key to figure in American labor history • First and longest-serving president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) Samuel Gompers
• An employment agreement whereby a worker promises not to join a Labor Union or promises to resign from a union if he or she is already "Yellow Dog" Contracts
• 1855 – 1926 • American union leader • One of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World • Five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States Eugene V. Debs
Created by: abby_xo12