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History II


totalitarianism theory of gov. on which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people
Joseph Stalin dictator and head of the Communist Party in Russia
Benito Mussolini founder of the Fascist Part and Italian dictator
Adolf Hitler leader of the Nazi Party in Germany who seized power and attempted world domination
Anti-Semitic prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people
Spanish Civil War nationalist forces led by Gen. Francisco Franco rebelled against the democratic Rep. gov. of Spain
appeasement policy of granting concessions to a potential enemy in the hope that it will maintain peace
Anschluss union in which Hitler forced Austria to become part of Germany's territory
Munich Pact agreement in which Britain and France attempted to preserve peace by allowing Hitler to take more territory
blitzkrieg lightning war
Axis Powers Germany, Italy, Japan, and other nations that fought together during WWII
Allies Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the U.S, China, and other nations that fought against the Axis Powers during WWII
Winston Churchhill British prime minister during WWII
Neutrality Act of 1939 Amer. law that allowed nations at war to buy U.S. arms if they paid cash and earned them away on their own ships
Tripartite Pact three-party agreement establishing on alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan
Lend-Lease Act Amer. law that allowed the U.S. to lend, lease, sell, or otherwise provide aid to other nations if doing so helped in the defense of the U.S.
Atlantic Charter document signed by Roosevelt and Churchhill that endorsed national self-determination and an international system of gen. security
Gen. Hideki Tojo Japanese prime minister
Cordell Hull U.S. Sec. of State and rejected Japan's demands
Pearl Harbor Hawaii site of U.S. Navy's main Pacific base
Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo commanded forces to Pearl Harbor
Edith Nourse Rogers Congresswoman who introduced bill to establish Women's Army Corps
Women's Army Corps provided clerical workers, truck drivers, instructors and lab technicians for U.S. army
War Production Board to oversee conversion of peacetime industry to war industry
Office of War Mobilization worked together to allocate secure materials into the proper industries, regulate the production of civilian goods, establish production contracts, negotiate with organized labor, and control inflation
Ford Motor Company gave resources to war production
Henry J. Kaiser's liberty ships
Gen. Douglas MacArthur commander of U.S. Army forces in Asia
Bataan Death March sick and malnourished Amer. forced to walk Peninsula
Colonel James Doolittle led USS Hornet to bomb Japan
Battle of Coral Sea battle between the U.S. and Japan where Japan was forced to give up on New Guinea
Created by: Hellokitty139