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sailing review

for ASA

QuestionAnswer
the fastest way to change the sail's power its to change its_______ to the________. angle wind
the shape of the mainsail may be changed by adjusting tension in the edges of the sail. match the sail control with the edge of the sail it effects: outhaul - foot
the shape of the mainsail may be changed by adjusting tension in the edges of the sail. match the sail control with the edge of the sail it effects: Halyard/Downhaul/Cunningham - luff
the shape of the mainsail may be changed by adjusting tension in the edges of the sail. match the sail control with the edge of the sail it effects: Boom Vang - leech
the outhaul changes the depth of the _______of the mainsail draft
tightening the ____ ____ holds the boom down on a downwind point of sail. boom vang
to get full power and optimum use out of the mainsail, _____it until it just starts to luff, then trim the mainsail in so it just stops ______. ease, luffing
two ways to change the sail's angle to the wind are: A ______ or _____the sail B____ ____ or ____ ____. ease, trim - head up, bear away
the tendency for the boat to head up toward the wind on its own is called ________helm. weather
the tendency for the boat to bear away from the wind on its own is called______ helm. lee
while sailing close hauled, four ways to decrease the heel of the boat are: A move the crew to the ______side of the boat, B_____ ______slightly, into the edge of the no sail zone. C ______the main_______. D Move the ______to leeward. A windward, B head up, C ease the main sheet, D traveler
tightening the downhaul or cunningham moves the draft of the mainsail_______. forward
reducing the size of a sail so that less area is exposed to the wind is called_______. reefing
What does a Bowline knot do? form a non slipping loop, tie the jib sheets to the clew of the jib
what is a figure 8 knot for? keep line from slipping thru fairlead or block
a Square knot is for tie two ends of a line together
a cleat hitch is for secure a dock line to a horn cleat
a clove hitch is for temporary tie up to dock piling, attach fenders to stanchion
a round turn and 2 half hitches are used for more secure tie up to dock piling
when you want a break from sailing you can make the boat lie _______-________. Hove to.
you heave to by backing the____________ easing the ______ and putting the ______to leeward. jib, mainsail, tiller (helm)
what dock line secures the bow of the boat to the dock? the bow line
what dock line secures the stern of the boat to the dock? the stern line
what dock line keeps the boat from moving aft? the forward spring
what dock line keeps the boat from moving forward? the aft spring
what are used to keep the hull of the boat from contacting the dock or other boats? fenders
the ideal point of sail on which to reach a mooring ball is on a close reach
what is the best approach to dock? upwind or directly into the wind
when sailing always be aware of the boats _______and______. speed and direction
the desirable force generated by the wind moving across a sail is called _____. lift
the direction relative to the wind in which the sailboat cannot sail is called the _______ _______ _______. no sail zone
a boat sailing across the wind is said to be reaching
sailboats can reach an upwind destination by sailing a ____course.. zig zag
the point of sail at the edge of the no sail zone is called_______. close hauled
sailing straight down wind is called______. running
as the sailboat's direction changes relative to the wind, so should the sail's ______to the wind be adjusted. trim or angle
the combination of the true wind and the wind created by the boat's motion is called___ ____. apparent wind
the _____ is an underwater fin fixed on the bottom of the sailboat that provides stability and lateral resistance. keel
the sailboat's direction through the water is controlled by the _____, which can be turned by means of either a ____ or a ____ ______. rudder, tiller or steering wheel
what is the outside body of the boat called? the hull
what is the stand on surface of the boat called? deck
what is the outside seating area of the boat called? cockpit
what is the rear end outside wall of the boat called? transom
what is the front of the boat called? the bow
what is the back of the boat called? the stern
what is the left side of the boat called? port
what is the right side of the boat called? starboard
what is the steering wheel or tiller called? the helm
what is the fence post on the deck of the boat called? a stanchion
what is the line strung between stanchions called? the lifeline
what is the fence on deck at the front or bow called? the pulpit
where is the head of the sail? at the top
where is the tack of the sail? the bottom corner against the mast
where is the clew of a sail? the corner at the bottom away from the mast
where is the luff of a sail? the edge against the mast
where is the leech of a sail? the edge away from the mast
where is the foot of a sail? along the boom
where is the batten of a sail? sewn into the leech edge
what is windward? the side the wind is blowing against
what is lee ward? the side sheltered from the wind
what is the goose neck? where the boom meets the mast
what is a shroud? the lateral rigging
what are the stays? the forward and aft rigging, aka headstay or forestay and backstay
headsail is aka the jib
a halyard is the line that raises and lowers the main on the mast
where is the mainsheet ? attached to the boom
where is the jibsheet? attached to the rear bottom corner of the jib
what is the boom vang? raises and lowers or adjusts tension on the boom
what is the boom topping lift? a line from the free end of the boom to the top of the mast
the mainsail should be raised when the boat is oriented ______to _______. head , wind
when turning the boat toward the wind the sails should be _____in. trimmed
when turning the boat away from the wind the sails should be _____out. eased
fluttering sails are said to be ________. luffing
the best way to steer the boat on a straight course is to look toward the ____and pick a _____to steer toward. shore, landmark
when you turn the bow of the boat toward the wind you are___ _____. heading up
when you turn the bow of the boat away from the wind you are____ _______. bearing away
the golden rule of sail trim is: when in _____let it ____. doubt, out
when the boat is stopped, pointed toward the wind with the sails luffing, it is said to be ____ _____. in irons
dead into the wind is called the no sail zone or in irons
just at the edge of the no sail zone and heeling is called close hauled
the opposite of close hauled and pointing 30 degrees away from the wind but not directly downwind is called a broad reach
at the edge of the no sail zone and not heeling at all a close reach
running down wind is called run
a beam reach is beam to the wind
when the wind is blowing on the port side the boat is said to be sailing on a _______ _______. port tack
when the wind is blowing on the starboard side the boat is said to be sailing on a ______ ______. starboard tack
turning the boat so the bow passes thru the wind bringing the wind to blow on to the opposite side of the boat is called tacking
changing tacks by turning the boat so its stern passes through the wind is called jibing
the helmsman's commands for tacking the boat (also called coming about) are______ ______ and _______ _______. ready about, helms a lee
the helmsman's commands for jibing the boat are ____to _____and _____-_____. prepare to jibe and jibe ho
to jibe safely its very important to _______ the ______in toward the centerline as the boat bears away onto a run. trim, mainsail
sailing on a run with the mainsail and jib on opposite sides of the boat is called sailing ______on_______. wing on wing
if the wind is on the same side of the boat as the mainsail while sailing downwind the boat is said to be _____by the _____. sailing (by the) lee
the danger of sailing by the lee is the increased risk of an ___ __. accidental jibe
what is the Golden Rule of Sailing? "When in doubt, let it out."
what are Dane's three rules of sailing? #1. Pay attention to everything everywhere all the time. #2. When in doubt let it out. #3. Don't be mean.
what are the three definitions of mean? 1. average 2. stingy 3. cruel.
The "Lookout Rule" requires all vessels to maintain a proper lookout using _________and _________ and any other available means - such as radar etc sight and hearing
the ______-_________vessel's obligation is to maintain _____and speed stand - on, course
a vessel overtaking another vessel must ______ ______ to the vessel being overtaken give way
when two sailboats are approaching each other on opposite tacks- coming at one another, the vessel with the wind on the _______side is the stand on vessel starboard
when two vessels are sailing with the wind on the same side, the vessel to _______is the give way vessel windward,(upwind, against the wind, into the wind)
leeward means Leeward is the direction downwind. If the vessel is heeling under the pressure of the wind, this will be the "lower side".
The side of a ship that is towards the leeward is its___ _____. lee side
any boat under 26 feet in length with an engine must carry a____ ________. fire extinguisher
a sailboat over 23 feet under way at night or in fog is required to display what colored light on the port side? red
a sailboat over 23 feet under way at night or in fog is required to display a green light where? the starboard side
what color light marks the stern of a sailing vessel over 23 feet long under way at night or fog? white
a safe water bouy is safe to pass on both sides - what color is it? red and white vertical striped
when using an outboard what type uses engine oil and the level should be checked at the beginning of preparing to head out? a four stroke
what type of outboard requires the oil to be mixed with the gas? a two stroke
three key points in the pre start sequence 1. are the motor clamps tight? 2. open vent on top of fuel cap 3. work gearshift to assure engine is in neutral
Five key points of starting sequence 1. gently pull on cord until you can feel the gears engage 2. pull cord out firmly 2-3 feet 3. if it doesn't start may need to adjust choke and throttle. 4. check for cooling water peeing out back of motor, if not stop motor 5. check forward and reverse.
command to prepare crew to tack "ready about ! "
announcement by helmsman that she is about to tack the boat " Helms alee! "
Created by: kalyana